Индикаторы цифровой экономики: 2021: статистический сборник
The study identifies the need to develop the entrepreneurial competencies of specialists in business and management in the digital economy age and reveals the understanding of opportunities and risks of the digital transformation of the economy. It provides a theoretical framework, based on a scientometric analysis of publications on digital economy with VOSviewer Software and an extensive literature review, emphasizing the necessity of entrepreneurial competencies in the digital economy. The results of the exploratory qualitative study show how undergraduate students in management and business explain what digital economy is and who is the manager in the digital age, and explain opportunities and threats that they associate with the digital transformation. The paper discusses the results and major problems concerning the students’ perception of the digital economy and a manager in the digital context. This study contributes to the research that focuses on the development of management and entrepreneurship in the digital economy.
Lately, cities have become the key place for new technologies developmentand the main driver of changes in the world. The concept of smart cities has become very popular todayto increase energy efficiency and sufficiency at urban level. The term “smart” includesamongst others the use ofmostly ICT-based technologies to address the challengesof sustainable urban development.
The pocket data book contains main indicators characterizing S&T and innovation potential of the Russian Federation, R&D output, main Information Society indices. The data book includes information of the Federal Service for State Statistics, Federal Service for Intellectual Property, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Euro¬stat, UNESCO, World Intellectual Property Organisation, national statistical services of foreign countries, and results of own methodological and analytical studies of the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge. In some cases, the presented data specify those published earlier.
This book contains a unique collection of studies on key economic and social policy challenges faced by countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region in a short- and long-term perspective. Prepared within the EU funded FP7 project on „Prospective Analysis for the Mediterranean Region (MEDPRO)” conducted in 2010-2013 it takes account on recent political developments in the region (Arab Spring) and their potential consequences. It covers a broad spectrum of topics such as factors of economic growth, macroeconomic and fiscal stability, trade and investment, Euro-Mediterranean and intra-regional economic integration, private sector development and privatizations, infrastructure, tourism, agriculture, financial sector development, poverty and inequality, education, labor market and gender issues.
This chapter addresses major dimensions of Internet-related inequalities in contemporary Russia including relevant regional, urban/rural, income, gender, occupation and age-related predictive variables commonly used in order to operationalize differences in socioeconomic positions of individuals and families and, correspondingly, in their access to the Internet. The analysis is based on multiple data sources – from 2007-2010 Russian Federal State Statistics Service Household Budget Survey data to Public Opinion Research Foundation (FOM) Internet Use Survey (2002-2011) and other opinion and market research agencies’ data on Internet coverage among different population groups. In addition to examining causes of a gap in access to Internet using computers and mobile phones, current policies aimed at closing the digital divide as well as prospects and possibilities of convergence between different groups of population in patterns of information technologies usage will be briefly analyzed.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.