Жизни и судьбы первых китайских коммунистов (к 100-летию создания Коммунистической партии Китая)
The book is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Communist Party of China. It is based on unique materials from the archives of Russia, the United States and Taiwan, including personal files and dossiers of Chinese revolutionaries. Each of the articles in the collection is devoted to identifying the role of the individual in history and determining the place of the historical figures studied – the first Communists of China-in the process of formation and development of the Chinese communist movement. The collection also includes translations of the memoirs of Mao Zedong and Liu Renjing.
At the end of July 1921, when thirteen Chinese supporters of Bolshevism gathered for their first congress, they proclaimed the formation of the Communist Party of China. They represented seven Chinese communist cells operating in Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Jinan, and Tokyo, as well as the most authoritative leader of the Chinese communist movement, Chen Duxiu (1879-1940), who failed to attend the congress and sent a deputy in his place. At that time, the newly formed party had 58 members. And among them-only two women, including the twenty-two-year-old student of the Beijing Higher Women's Pedagogical Institute Miao Boying (1899-1929), the first of the Chinese women who joined the communist movement in early November 1920. An active propagandist of Bolshevik ideas and one of the most talented organizers of the women's and workers ' revolutionary movement in China, she lived a short but eventful life, giving all her strength to the cause of the liberation of China. The upcoming anniversary of the CCP is a worthy date to pay tribute to its memory.
The collection of papers includes the articles, which examine some of the most actual problems of the modern Chinese studies. Among these problems are the connections between our two contries in the period, when the Chinese Communist Party came to power, and on the modern stage, the problems of formation and development of Chinese "global cities", the development of the law in the PRC, the history of the Guomindang, history and modern condition of the Chinese armed forces.
The article examines the main areas of assistance provided by China to Vietnam during the Resistance war against French colonialists (1946-1954).