Информационно-аналитические материалы Мониторинга экономики образования по результатам статистических и социологических обследований : "Развитие «агентности» как задача образовательной политики в XXI веке: мировой опыт исследований и разработок"
The importance of research activity for active adaptation to changing conditions is considered in the article. In today’s rapidly changing world, in variable conditions of development, research activity becomes an important element of education. It is noted that the implementation of the practice of research training should be implemented with an emphasis on developing the independence of students. Productive activity and involvement in it become meaningful for the realization of the practice of teaching through discovery. Isolate psychological issues, the solution of which is significant for the development of education in a rapidly changing world.
Many mid-income countries face a significant and challenging problem of low educational achievement. This research looks at a Full-Time Primary Schools Programme implemented in Mexico, to work out if extending the time pupils spend at school can enhance skills in language and mathematics. The results of matching plus difference-in-differences point to a positive impact on schools value-added. The effects are concentrated among poorer schools, with gains after policy adoption of 0.11 standard deviations (SD) in both subjects. However, quantile regressions show that the lowest-performance schools are not benefiting from longer school days, posing questions on programme effectiveness to improve the achievement of those who are more in need. Analysis of causal channels suggests that gains reported by the programme do not come from changes in the composition of teachers and pupils in treated schools, and that richer schools are more prone to devote the extra-time of instruction to non-core subjects, notably sports and arts.
In this paper, I will discuss the existing candidates for action-defining entities and structures (the entities and structures which make some X an action) and propose one more candidate. First, I will examine the standard causal theory which became mainstream in analytical philosophy (although this situation is starting to change). Then I will sketch some arguments against the causal theory of action stemming from the works of earlier analytic philosophers, especially from Wittgenstein’s reflections on the nature of the action. Next, I will try to address the problems of action theory by introducing the concept of will as distinguishing feature of actions. Finally, I will discuss the difficulties concerning the concept of will as I construe it in this paper.
A teacher’s capacity to act and to shape critical responses to educational reforms and practices is a quality developed through knowledge and experience. Teacher Agency and Policy Response in English Language Teaching examines the agency of the teacher in negotiating educational reforms and policy changes at the local and national levels. In this volume, contributors share their personal narratives, research and scholarly work that highlight how English teachers can transform their own processes and practices to ensure the best educational experiences for their students in the context of policy implementation.
The article reflects upon the ‘look’ phenomenon in the context of new personology (V.A. Petrovsky, E.B. Starovoytenko). It reveals that the look expresses an attitude of the Other and his/her presence in one’s inner world. Using the works of J.-P. Sartre, V.A. Petrovsky, M.M. Bakhtin, E.B. Starovoytenko, A. Laengle, M. White, the ‘loving’ and the ‘destructive look’ were reconstructed and described in terms of personal agency. The ways to expand one’s personal agency in the situations of ‘being-looked’ (Sartre) are outlined.
the look, personal agency, relationship with oneself, personology
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.