Информационно-аналитические материалы Мониторинга экономики образования по результатам статистических и социологических обследований «Роль навыков «агентности» и поддержания здоровья до пандемии и в эпоху пост-covid-19: международный экспертный дискурс»
India has a growing shortage of skilled workers—caused largely by workforce development and education systems that do not respond adequately to the economy’s needs. To contribute effectively to the innovation economy and capitalize on the growing opportunities of globalization, India’s young workforce must develop skills that are more market-driven. Given expanding trade and globalization, India’s workforce must have skills that are aligned with its transforming economy and can support the country’s continued economic growth. India’s ongoing but incomplete transformation from an agriculture - to a manufacturing - and services-based economy requires training a workforce with distinct skills for a market that increasingly rewards problem solving, communication skills, teamwork, and self-learning. Skills are needed not only by high-skill sectors but also by labor-intensive industries, which require technological developments to be absorbed by a workforce adept in basic technological literacy and key competencies.
A modern high school is designed to solve at least two new problems. The first one is determined by the fact that a high school graduate must have not only an academic background that allows him to enter a University, but also a set of skills and attitudes that allow him to become a successful student. The Second problem is preparing a high school graduate for life in a digital society. Possibility to create conditions for a high school student to acquire the qualities of a successful student largely determined by the model of the school in which he studies, the curriculum (curriculums) implemented by it.
Over the past year, the authors of the article participated in the development of prospective models of high school, as well as conducted a pre-project study among successful high schools in various megacities of Russia and the world. One of the challenges faced by the authors was the need not only to find an approach to describing the models of the schools studied but also to get a way to highlight their strengths and weaknesses for subsequent more detailed acquaintance with the successful experience.
In this article the authors provide a simple, accessible way for managers-practitioners to describe the high school model, as well as a tool for examine a model which was developed during the implementation of the research project.
Applying the method of describing the model and evaluating the curriculum implemented by the higher school will help high school principals to get reliable information about the school they lead. Specially organized information about the school, ready for comparison with others located in similar conditions, solving similar problems, should allow school leaders to make justified, accurate management decisions.
This paper analyzes the impact of disruptive technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), big data, the internet of things, and blockchain, upon conventional banking professions and skill sets. Our conclusions are based upon a large array of data collected over the course of a survey of highly qualified personnel conducted in 2017-2018 using text mining, case studies, and expert interviews. The changing requirements for workers and their competencies were assessed taking into account the level of technological development (including the use of relevant products and services by Russian and international companies) as well as the probability of certain professional skills being substituted by automated solutions in the medium term. The results indicate that the impact of technologies upon various functional segments of banks’ operations is varied. While most of the analyzed professions are evolving towards broader functionality, others are sliding into the “obsolete” group. In the next few years, automated systems will take full responsibility for data collection and its initial analysis, though they will not replace bank personnel fully given that they simply remain tools that help boost workers’ productivity and efficiency, extend the information base, accelerate decision-making, cut costs, and reduce risks.