Цифровая экономика: 2020: краткий статистический сборник
The paper examines the benefits associated with digital technologies in Russian manufacturing enterprises, which act as drivers for management decisions on the implementation of digital technologies. The empirical basis of the study is the results of business tendency monitoring of enterprises for 2019. As the results show, among the expected benefits, the most important are the optimization of production and logistics operations, improving the level of customer service and expanding the customer base.
Abstract: the article is devoted to the study of modern trends and prospects of innovative development of r egions in conditions of digitalization. The problem is revealed by the author through the prism of epidemiological conditions in which not only Russia, but also the vast majority of countries of the world, found themselves. Factors that restrained the digital innovative development of the regions of our country are considered, and with the introduction of the emergency preparedness regime, according to experts, appeared quickly and acutely. For the most part, this concerns a weak degree of integration into digital infrastructure regions. This does not allow the effective implementation of measures formulated in the complex of national projects, primarily the Digital Economy Project, initiated by the President of the Russian Federation in 2018 to implement the strategy of innovative development of the state and regions. The article addresses two points – the first concerns the availability of state (municipal) se rvices (Portal "State Services"), the second – the availability of education in the conditions of its forced transfer to a remote format. The above arguments show that the initially correctly chosen vector of innovation of the state and regions by representatives of the public authorities, in connection with the need for a targeted direction of its development, has become not so much a stumbling block for society as a constructive, albeit with a negative connotation, modus of further actions by the Government of the Russian Federation. It is suggested that the barriers to innovative development in the context of digitalization, manifested in the pandemic, will correct the guidelines, and therefore the policies of the state and regions in the field of their further digitalization. At the same time, the role, functionality and tools of the corporate sector as a direct and important state partner should be elevated to the priority.
Materials of scientific and practical conference are included in the collection of works «Digital economy and «the Industry 4.0»: problems and prospects», prepared by laboratory «Innovative industrial economy» of Peter the Great St. Petersburg polytechnical university together with a number of the scientific organizations, higher education institutions, the industry entities.
In the collection of scientific works materials according to the theory of development of digital economy in modern conditions of the global competition, practical realization of the concept «the Industry 4.0», to research of problems and prospects of development of innovative activity of economic systems and enterprise entities, use of tools and valuation methods of an industrial development of regions, industries, the entities are reflected.
In the collection works of scientists and specialists of a number of higher education institutions, Russian Academies of Sciences institutes, the organizations, organizations and the entities, representatives of bodies of the public, municipal administration and executive power of Russia and foreign countries are provided.
Materials of the collection will be useful to teachers, scientists, specialists of the industrial, scientific enterprises, the organizations and organizations, and also graduate students, undergraduates and students.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.