Цифровая экономика: 2020: краткий статистический сборник
This book comprises high-quality, refereed research papers presented at the 2019 International Symposium on Computer Science, Digital Economy and Intelligent Systems (CSDEIS2019): The symposium, held in Moscow, Russia, on 4–6 October 2019, was organized jointly by Moscow State Technical University and the International Research Association of Modern Education and Computer Science. The book discusses the state of the art in areas such as computer science and its technological applications; intelligent systems and intellectual approaches; and digital economics and methodological approaches. It is an excellent reference resource for researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, engineers, and management practitioners interested in computer science and its applications in engineering and management.
The collection contains scientific articles of the international scientific-practical conference "State Administration and Public Service: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow in the Context of E-Government and the Digital Economy", held at the Higher School of Public Administration (HSAA) of MV Lomonosov Moscow State University in the framework of the XIV NAUKA Science Festival 0+ (October 11-13, 2019). The materials of the collection reflect the results of research conducted by undergraduates of the first and second courses of the Higher School of Public Administration. This scientific publication will be useful to undergraduate students, undergraduates, researchers, and everyone interested in the current state and development trends of the theory of public service, public administration and management, as well as their practice in modern conditions of digitalization of public life.
The actual state of science and technology predetermines changes in the methodology of scientific research and social practices. The paper is dedicated to various aspects of information technology application in legal science and practice:current technological development; prospects for the use of technology in legal research; examples of required regulatory changes.
The author discusses the basic principles of the development of Big Data and the scope of Legal Tech.
Big Data in legal science operates in two main areas:provides an opportunity to explain existing phenomena; provides the ability to predict the behavior in the legal sphere.
Therefore, the methodology and philosophy of legal research significantly change. The application of Big Data makes it possible, on the basis of objectively obtained parameters, to build connections and correlations that are independent of the researcher’s commitment to any scientific concept. In other words, the research hypothesis is not built up before the research but is formed only after the interpretation of the obtained interrelations.
The example of the dynamic development of legal institutions reveals the problems associated with the need for an interdisciplinary combination of law and IT-technologies.
Legal science is characterized by the following set of problems:
1) the legal personality of artificial intelligence;
2) data collection and verification;
3) interpretation of the results;
4) the role of traditional tools;
5) “trust” to calculations;
6) the international nature of digitalization;
7) personal data.
Practical problems are associated with:
1) incorporation into the legislation of new principles, terms, definitions, and legal institutions;
2) workflow development;
3) the reliability of electronic documents;
4) the civil status of Big Data.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.