Производительность труда и Бережливое производство
The textbook covers two relevant and significant directions at the moment: lean production and labor productivity. The work highlights the basic concepts of labor productivity of the XIX century, the formation of the essence of labor productivity and the main tools aimed at improving it. The textbook also discusses the best Russian and international practices of lean production, presents the financial and economic effects of the implementation of the lean manufacturing project. Each section includes questions for students to better master the material they have learned.
Recommended for students of higher professional education, studying in the areas of training "Economics", "Management", in particular masters in the relevant areas in lean production, economics of production, production management.
The monograph deals with the adaptation of lean manufacturing in conditions of economic instability based on the proposed conceptual model of the current state of lean production, the systematization of business conditions, the construction of an organizational and structural scheme for the continuous development of lean manufacturing and a methodological device for its phased application in enterprises. Theoretical and practical significance consists in deepening the methodological foundations for the introduction of lean production and the development of theoretical knowledge in the field of lean production and the development of Russian experience in its application. The practical significance of the results of the work is determined by the ability to use methodological recommendations for the phased introduction and development of lean manufacturing in the enterprise, as well as for developing methods and approaches to operating system management. The monograph is intended for managers of medium and large businesses, managers to improve business processes and conduct organizational changes responsible for operational (production) activities in an industrial production plant and in service companies. This monograph is also recommended for use in the educational process in the preparation of bachelors and masters in the areas of "Management" and "Economics".
This article is devoted to the results of the research of the author for the study of motives appeal to the concept of "Lean Production" in Russian companies operating in the design (production) systems. The article presents the data of the statistical and qualitative analysis of the hypotheses on the example of one of the objects of study - the company LTD "PROMIS".
13th GBATA International Conference Reading Book.
In this article the possibility for improving the dynamic capabilities of the domestic enterprises by tools of Lean management system is considered. The impact of the mentioned system in the big Russian enterprise ‘KAMAZ’ is evaluated. Lean management is a world-spread way of solving the problems, aimed at making the company competitive. It is the organized activity of staff of the company focused on reduction of expenses, maximizing value of production for the consumer and the added value for business.
This article discusses the use of public finance to reindustrialize Russian economy. The authors focus on the growing wear and tear of fixed assets, which damages the competitiveness of the Russian economy (even compared to other CIS economies). They show how a proper implementation of changes to corporate profits tax (CPT) may improve the situation and provide a calculation of CPT and VAT deduction in case of repair of fully depreciated fixed assets. They also prove that cost of repair of fully depreciated fixed assets should not be deducted for CPT purposes or affect the incoming deductible VAT.
The article presents analysis of the impact of human resource management systems (HRM) on the financial performance of banks operating in the Russian market. The sample includes 67 banks with different organizational characteristics (nationality of capital, ownership, lo-cation of the head office, number of years of operation in the Russian market). The research is based both on qualitative (a survey of heads of HR services of banks) and quantitative (analysis of financial statements of banks). Data were collected in the period from 2011 to 2015. Initially, the main indicators characterizing the effectiveness of the HRM system (labor productivity and return on investment in human capital), as well as indicators of the financial performance of banks (return on assets and return on capital), were calculated. Further, with the help of the system of econometric equations, the impact of performance indicators of HRM systems on financial results of banks was determined. The study revealed that, on one hand, implementation of the functions of the HRM system does not have a positive impact on financial performance of the bank. At the same time, the impact of effects of some particular variables characterizing the HRM system itself (orientation on the strategic goals of the bank, the composition of the functions performed, the automation of functions, the flexibility and innovation of the HRM system, the amount of personnel costs) on performance of banks was revealed. So, the positive effect of the HRM system arises from its orientation towards the strategic goals of the bank, as well as with the use of electronic systems that automate the functions of HRM and thus improving the timing and quality of their implementation. Together, these variables, characterizing the HRM system, increase the return on investment in human capital. If the bank also achieves the flexibility and innovation of the HRM system, then labor productivity also increases. This, in turn, has a positive impact on the financial performance of banks.
This volume of scientific papers IEF RAS includes articles on a wide range of issues of theory and practice analysis and forecasting of national and regional economies and their sectors. The articles raise urgent problems of Russia’s socio-economic development: restoring of economic growth, increase in productivity, transition to a new technological level of production, improving the quality of RF citizens’ life. The book is addressed to researchers, economists, teachers, graduate students, students and readers interested in current and future socio-economic Russia’s problems.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management