Global Governance in Transformation Challenges for International Cooperation
This book analyzes the state of global governance in the current geopolitical environment. It evaluates the main challenges and discusses potential opportunities for compromise in international cooperation. The book’s analysis is based on the universal criteria of global political stability and the UN framework of sustainable development. By examining various global problems, including global economic inequality, legal and political aspects of access to resources, international trade, and climate change, as well as the attendant global economic and political confrontations between key global actors, the book identifies a growing crisis and the pressing need to transform the current system of global governance. In turn, it discusses various instruments, measures and international regulation mechanisms that can foster international cooperation in order to overcome global problems.
Addressing a broad range of topics, e.g. the international environmental regime, global financial problems, issues in connection with the energy transition, and the role of BRICS countries in global governance, the book will appeal to scholars in international relations, economics and law, as well as policy-makers in government offices and international organizations.
This chapter looks at the role of the globalised third sector in migration governance, and presents major theoretical and empirical contributions focusing on different aspects of the third sector’s, often ambiguous, role in migration politics and policy. It starts with a discussion on the third sector’s growing involvement in the migration field, then proceeds with an analysis of the third sector as new governors aspiring to shape migration regimes regionally and globally. The chapter uncovers complex patterns of interactions between the third sector and other actors in global migration governance, paying attention to aspects such as financial dependence of the third sector on donors, subordinated politics and competition for funding and prestige. The picture that emerges from this chapter indicates that the third sector is far from being and acting as a unified actor in migration governance.
The G20 and the BRICS grouping of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa were born in a crowded world of international institutions in the wake of the 2008 financial and economic crisis. The G20 pledged to manage the crisis, reform international financial institutions and devise a new global consensus. Designated by its members as a premier forum for international economic cooperation, the G20 became transformed into the “hub of a global network” operating on the universal principles of rationality, norms building and openness. The BRICS committed to fostering cooperation, policy coordination and political dialogue on international economic and financial matters and reform of international institutions to reflect changes in the world economy. Set up to tighten economic ties and promote fair and more equitable multipolar order and global governance, the BRICS entered into its second “Golden Decade” as a concert of rising powers rapidly institutionalizing and gradually generating stronger political influence.
The book 'Indo-Pacific: Emerging Powers, Evolving Regions and Challenges to Global Governance' is an outcome of a collaborative project undertaken together by young and leading scholars on world affairs. Based on in-depth study and research the compendium brings to fore the implications of the shift in power to the Indo-Pacific region - the vast and single geo-strategic arc and geo-economic realm spanning the eastern Pacific Ocean to the western Indian Ocean along the eastern coast of Africa. As a new constellation of economic and political power, Indo-Pacific is influenced by the rise of China and India rapidly dwarfing all other regional constructs and centres of trade, investment, security, competition and cooperation across the world. The Indo-Pacific power narrative is not about China and India alone. The book devotes attention to the stakes of erstwhile super powers as well as middle powers of the region such as Australia, Indonesia and Japan. Encompassing half of the world's population and repository of vast natural resources with most important commercial water-ways criss-crossing the two-ocean region, the geostrategic significance of the Indo-Pacific is undoubted. A rich bibliography at the end provides access to policy debates and academic analyses concerning the different dimensions of the Indo-Pacific. The book 'Indo-Pacific' is a useful reader for policy-makers, scholars and students engaged in study, research and analysis on contemporary world affairs.
The aim of this edited volume is to bring back multilateralism in global governance research by going beyond the state-centric and formal models of multilateralism of the 1990s and deeper into the informal private agents and structures of global governance. The volume is situated within the third generation scholarly research tying together disparate efforts from various disciplines, such as International Relations, Public Administration, International Law and International Political Economy under the overarching theme of multilateralism approached from the three different angles: normative dimensions of global governance, issue-areas, such as migration and international trade, as well as the limits of multilateralism.
This chapter aims at examining the following research questions:
– How can Russia’s organizational behavior in the UN be explained? Is Russia guided primarily by national interests as it sees them or by wider global and regional concerns, or both?
– What role has the UN played in Russia’s overall foreign policy relative to other regional and global organizations?
– What has been the record of Russia’s UN membership since the Cold War end? How has Russia’s role evolved? What have been some of the main issues, agreements, and disagreements?
– Has this been a record of success, failure, or a mixed bag? Has Russia accepted the rules as they are or tried to change or violate them?
– What future questions and themes are likely to arise in Russia’ relations with the UN, including the much discussed reform of this organization?
It was a diplomatic coalition of the 21st century and it was the diplomatic coalition. decade. What is the intersection between these phenomena? How to make a difference? Which factors could explain the BRICS and towards the group? Issues Examined are for These in Russia, the BRICS and the Disruption of Order of Global by Rachel Salzman.
International trade is in continuous development which means there must also be responsive developments in the international economic institutions which regulate it. The authors conclude that the initiatives of international organizations in the global regulation of e-commerce are far behind business practices. Despite the dynamic development of the digital economy, international institutions have not yet been able to work out control mechanisms at the multilateral level. Therefore, today the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a number of other international organizations are faced with the need to develop new mechanisms for regulating trade in conditions of digitalization. This will largely depend not only on the new rules of trade policy, but also on the future of these organizations and their placement in the hierarchy of influence of international institutions.
This article illustrates that countries are able to regulate various aspects of e-commerce more comprehensively at the bilateral and plurilateral levels. The use of digital trade regulations developed at the regional and plurilateral levels, as well as the cooperation of countries in other fora— Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Group of 20 (G20) — may facilitate the creation of future WTO agreements governing digital trade.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.