GR : Полное руководство по разработке государственно-управленческих решений, теории и практике лоббирования
This multi-author monograph is the fourth book in the series “Business and Government in Russia”. It covers the issues of mutual influence of the legally established mechanisms of business and government relations as well as the regulatory practice of applying such mechanisms. The book consists of three main sections starting from the legal aspects of business and government relations in Russian and international legislation and going on to the interactions between business and government on the federal, regional and municipal levels. The monograph is based on the materials of an elective course “GR in Modern Russia: Theory and Practice”, theoretical and practical work of the faculty members from the HSE Department of Theory and Practice of Business-Government Interaction and the HSE Scientific Educational Laboratory for Research on Business Communications, and materials from workshops held by the leading representatives of the business community and public authorities. This book will be of interest to specialists, professors and students of economics, political science and management.
Human rights advocacy has evolved into a legitimate foreign policy priority of the contemporary United States. The values and beliefs behind this concern are endorsed by a variety of American NGOs. The paper looks at American human rights advocacy and its impact on foreign policy decision-making. Human rights groups constitute a powerful independent lobby sector, whose success must be attributed to the unique nature of the American political culture. The article analyses the industrys specific characteristics and offers a classification of NGOs based on their mission, activities and lobbying profile.
This monograph provides a complex perspective government relations (GR), i.e. the linkages and interaction of commercial organizations with public bodies, new to post-soviet countries. The focus is on the substance, regularities, and global trends in the development of GR, with special attention to the cases of St. Petersburg and Minsk and the assessment of institutionalization of GR activities in Belarus and Russia.
In this article one соuld find an attempt to analyse critically the typical expert evaluations, some popular political rankings and ratings of the efficient lobbying and effective GR-management in the contemporary Russia.
The author describe the legal models of the influence of business to the authorities: with the regulation of lobbying and without it. Analyzes the risks that accompany the regulation of lobbying in foreign countries: shadow sector, the impact of foreign States, promotion of the interests of large corporations, poor quality of the attached institutions. The author meditate about the possibility of regulation of lobbyism in Russia.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.