Strategic Planning in Local Communities. A Cross-National Study of 7 Countries
This is a comparative international study of thr patterns od planning in local governments. WEhile strategic planning has been a field of interest for public management and administrative science for over half a century there are very few cross-national studies of the specifics of planning in local governmenets. The book analyses the planning activities of local authorities in 7 diverse countries: France, Hungary, Romania, Russia, Spain, Turkey and USA. Altough theoretical models of strategic planning are used, the book's findings point to a very diverse and interesting environment with cultural, political and legal factors playing a significant role in shaping how planning is done in each country.
The question was raised about methods of empirical verification for various technologies of strategic planning on the local level. The preliminary results of the case studies were examined that described the long-term consequences of strategic planning on the municipal level. The strong connection between the influence of the strategic plan on socio-economic development and the stability of the authority was shown.
The authors analyze present trends in the evaluation of management effectiveness in municipal districts of Moscow and the Moscow Region. Our analysis consists of four parts. First, we describe the approaches to public management effectiveness. Secondly, we provide a case analysis of the Moscow Government’s current attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of the regular day-to-day management of the Moscow districts (uprava) according to selected criteria and suggest a number of weaknesses of the current effectiveness evaluation strategy. Thirdly, an additional case analysis of the development strategies of selected Moscow Region small towns is provided. Finally, we offer proposals on how to improve the evaluation of Moscow districts’ management effectiveness using program-evaluating criteria obtained from selected strategies of municipal development of several small cities of the Moscow Region which are compatible in terms of size and budget with other Moscow districts. This paper argues that some indicators of effectiveness, elaborated for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of the implementation of municipal development strategies, can be incorporated into the system of effectiveness evaluation for municipal district management. The usage of quantificators for evaluation can help to produce a better quality of municipal district management, as well as help discover strategic and sustainable changes for the social and economic systems of the districts.
Издава се в рамките на проект на ИНИ № К1-2015 "билейна международна научно-практическа конференция, посветена на 60-годишнината на катедра "Стратегическо планиране" на тема "Европейски практики и национални рефлексии в планирането" със средства от държавната субсидия за научна дейност на СА "Д.А. Ценов", съгласно Наредба №9 от 08.08.2003 г.
Book of abstracts of 13th International May Conference on Strategic Management – IMKSM17
This book discusses the role of regional design and visioning in the formation of regional territorial governance to offer a better understanding of (1) how a recognition of spatial dynamics and the visualization of spatial futures informs, and is informed by, planning frameworks and (2) how such design processes inform co-operation and collaboration on planning in metropolitan regions. It gathers theoretical reflections on these topics, and illustrates them by means of practical experiences in several European countries. Innovatively associating ideas with knowledge, it appeals to anyone with an interest in planning experiments in a post-regulative era. It aims at an increased understanding of how practices, engaged with the imagination of possible futures, support the creation of institutional capacity for strategic spatial planning at regional scales.
The paper considers the problem of the difference in the goals and objectives of strategic documents at the State level and a number of key municipalities - urban districts of Siberia. As an instrument chosen method of content analysis adopted legal documents (concepts) and the proposed matrix model, where the parallel comparisons show the possibility of harmonizing the interests of state and territory for long term strategic management in the system
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.