Введение в инноватику : учебное пособие для подготовки бакалавров по направлению 27.03.05 Инноватика
This article deals with the basic issues which are related to technology transfer. It is proposed basic characteristics of the innovation infrastructure and the possible measures to modernize the process of the technology transfer in Russia.
At present the world community faces the challenge of building the Smart economy. It is well recognized that the economic progress comes from increased productivity, innovation, competitiveness, economic renewal and creativity of the workforce. The goal of the smart economy is to restore and retain a sustainable economic growth after depressing crises, to provide a high-quality education system, to promote innovative business environment, to ensure high productivity, to translate knowledge creation into economic return. In this context innovative universities aim at training knowledge workers, forming the competences of learners in line with the requirement of modern labor market in the Smart economy. The graduates face the challenge to generate new ideas and to work in the knowledge- intensive industries that supply advanced ICT devices, systems and networks. The universities in the smart economy need to transform the infrastructure to meet the challenges. The paper presents the innovative infrastructure that facilitates a more full perception of new knowledge, interoperability between internal and external knowledge, a high degree of knowledge and innovation in universities.
The article describes a new PRIM index for evaluating the innovative potential of the region. It briefly reviews the concept of building the PRIM index. Three sub-indices that constitute the PRIM index are characterized: an IRLA index (index of innovative regulatory legal acts), an OII index (index of objects of innovation infrastructure) and an ISM index (index of innovation support mechanisms) are characterized. The formula for calculating sub-indices is given. Three groups of respondents (representatives of business structures, innovation organizers and senior students) are characterized. The results of using the PRIM index in the Irkutsk region are presented. Graphs are given and the interpretation of the obtained results is provided.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.