Введение в инноватику : учебное пособие для подготовки бакалавров по направлению 27.03.05 Инноватика
This article deals with the basic issues which are related to technology transfer. It is proposed basic characteristics of the innovation infrastructure and the possible measures to modernize the process of the technology transfer in Russia.
At present the world community faces the challenge of building the Smart economy. It is well recognized that the economic progress comes from increased productivity, innovation, competitiveness, economic renewal and creativity of the workforce. The goal of the smart economy is to restore and retain a sustainable economic growth after depressing crises, to provide a high-quality education system, to promote innovative business environment, to ensure high productivity, to translate knowledge creation into economic return. In this context innovative universities aim at training knowledge workers, forming the competences of learners in line with the requirement of modern labor market in the Smart economy. The graduates face the challenge to generate new ideas and to work in the knowledge- intensive industries that supply advanced ICT devices, systems and networks. The universities in the smart economy need to transform the infrastructure to meet the challenges. The paper presents the innovative infrastructure that facilitates a more full perception of new knowledge, interoperability between internal and external knowledge, a high degree of knowledge and innovation in universities.
The article describes a new PRIM index for evaluating the innovative potential of the region. It briefly reviews the concept of building the PRIM index. Three sub-indices that constitute the PRIM index are characterized: an IRLA index (index of innovative regulatory legal acts), an OII index (index of objects of innovation infrastructure) and an ISM index (index of innovation support mechanisms) are characterized. The formula for calculating sub-indices is given. Three groups of respondents (representatives of business structures, innovation organizers and senior students) are characterized. The results of using the PRIM index in the Irkutsk region are presented. Graphs are given and the interpretation of the obtained results is provided.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.