Государственное управление и развитие России: вызовы и воз- можности. Сборник статей международной конференц-сессии
This book provides unique insights into the role of policy capacity in policymaking and policy change, as it is being uncovered at the research frontier in contemporary policy studies. The book is structured into a series of sections on policy capacity in theory and practice, each focusing on a specific aspect of policy capacity and its influence on policy formulation, decision-making, implementation and evaluation. In addition to making a significant contribution to the body of literature on the theoretical approaches to researching the role of capacity in policymaking, it also provides practical examples of the application of these approaches through a variety of national and sectoral case studies. Including contributions from authors working in a wide variety of disciplines, the book demonstrates, across the various topics investigated, many commonalities and consistencies in relation to the study of policy capacity and policy-making. This work has interdisciplinary appeal and will engage scholars in fields ranging from geography to communications, health, social work and political science, amongst others with an interest in public policy
The article analyzes the dynamics of the main indicators of the innovative development of the Russian industry in interconnection with the main provisions of strategy of innovative development of Russia till 2020. It is shown that the current condition is characterized by insuffi cient innovative activity of economy subjects and reduction of costs return of innovations; the main reasons for the situation are listed; the necessity to stimulate the demand for innovations is stated; the main conditions of innovative development of the Russian industrial enterprises are highlighted
The paper brings up the question of the role of the university community in the implementation of modernization programs in the Russian regions. The article analyzes the theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of modernization processes and innovations, determines their place and role in the socio-cultural environment, identifies the main approaches to the development of innovative programs and their constituents. The author reveals the conditions for the development of innovative potential of the regional universities and the main problems affecting the development of innovative activity of universities. The article shows the mechanisms of modernization processes, the development of regional innovation activities, which will enhance the efficiency of research and production activities, its adaptation to the market economy. The author has studied the main conditions for the emergence, development and successful commercialization of innovation. The article analyzes the rating data of socio-economic development of regions of the Central Chernozem region, as well as the features of innovative development in the Kursk region. The author presents the results of a field sociological research devoted to the assessment of innovative activity of students of higher educational institutions of Kursk and Voronezh regions. The study is aimed to determine the level of development of modernization processes in the region and the attitudes of students, identified through their focus on innovation, including interests, goals and motives associated with innovations. The article explores the understanding of innovation by young respondents, presents the involvement of students in these regions in research activities. The author suggests that the solution of the problems of formation the innovative behavior of Russian youth can contribute to the involvement of this social group of the society to the implementation of the modernization of the main spheres of life of modern Russian society.
Cities have a crucial role in the development of regions through the development of innovation. When considering the old industrial cities there is a contradiction. On the one hand, this is the need for innovative cities developing as the main drivers of regional development, on the other - the old-industrial nature of the “core” of a given region. This allows us to formulate a hypothesis: the development of old industrial regions will be associated with maintaining current trends without prioritizing sustainable spatial development, as old industrial centers will not be able to ensure the involvement of these regions in economic growth.
This article discusses a set of tools of government enacted in Russia between 2009and 2013 to provide support to so-called socially-oriented nonprofit organizations (SO/NPOs). In Russia this approach is to be considered as a serious policy innovation since so far government policy vis-à-vis the nonprofit sector could be described as either indifferent or predominantly restrictive. The conceptual framework employed is based on the concept of “third-party government” and the tools of government approach. We first consider the legal definition of the subsector of SO/NPOs, and then investigate the newly introduced tools of government support featuring data on the scope of Russian federal government support for SO/NPOs, showing substantial similarity to government tool kits employed to support NPOs elsewhere in the world.
The article contains analysis of regulation of "shadow banking" in Russia. The following types of shadow banking are analyzed: broker and dealer activities, activities of special purpose vehicles, microfinance companies, investment funds and non-state pension funds, pawnshops and some others. The article also contains comparative analysis of the above-mentioned regulation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.