Один день Ивана Денисовича
Nine editions of The Norton Anthology of American Literature (1979-2016) are an important symptom of the scholarly paradigm in the US literary studies shaped at the turn of the 21st century. After a brief outline of the genre’s history and its stance on the American book market I provide a detailed investigation of the changes in the editorial team, its selective strategies, and some trajectories taken in including and/or omitting individual authors within the “Literature since 1945” section of the anthology. The complete lists of editors and anthologized contemporary authors in the two respective tables are charted to trace the reconfigurations of the two sets of names from first to latest editions. My paper reveals the ahistorical nature of the Norton project, which corresponds to the cultural atmosphere of the United States in the aftermath of the “canon wars” in the American cultural studies of the 1980-90s. The qualitative relation between the anthologized writers’ fiction and the editors’ critical introductions and commentary suggests that the anthology’s content and structure is isomorphic to some postmodern practices of the very literature whose onthological meta-description the anthology undertakes.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.