Цифровая революция в логистике: Эффекты, конгломераты и точки роста
Unmanned technology is one of the innovative directions in logistics, which is gradually entering our life. Many companies in Russia and abroad are developing in this direction. How close are they to realization and industrial implementation? What types of unmanned vehicles exist at the moment? This article presents the classification of unmanned technology, as well as a review of the market for existing unmanned solutions, their features and manufacturers. Unmanned vehicles, drones, unmanned water and rail vehicles, as well as robots for cargo handling in a warehouse were considered. Using the press releases from leading manufacturers and customers of unmanned vehicles, an analysis of Russian and foreign experience in the use of unmanned technology in logistics was conducted, the results of which revealed the main areas of their application. The problems that impede the mass implementation of unmanned technologies in logistic processes associated with both imperfection of unmanned technologies and other external factors were also identified. The advantages of unmanned solutions in comparison to traditional vehicles were determined. Prospective areas of application of unmanned technology, promising to increase the efficiency of logistics processes and the level of logistics services were considered.
The oil industry forms the basis of the Russian economy, however, in recent years there has been a paradoxical situation in which the export of crude oil was the main source of filling the budget, while the oil refining industry was subsidized. The reason for this situation, along with the technological backwardness of Russian refineries, can largely be attributed to logistics due to the significant remoteness of refineries from markets, as well as the Russian tax system, in which this problem is not properly taken into account. This paper studies the world experience of taxation of the oil industry and on the basis of analysis with the effects of logistics formulates recommendations for improving the Russian fiscal regime, aimed at solving the problem of balancing between the replenishment of the budget and the government's desire to modernize the Russian oil industry.
In the process of developing an information system for logistics transportation, there is a need to determine the initial rating of the new carrier within the parent company. The presence of the rating helps to more accurately carry out the formation of orders and build forecasts of its interaction with the parent company in the future
Logistics occupies an important role in the organizational structure of modern business management. With the transition to the concept of supply chain management (SCM), its responsibilities also include coordinating functions. On the other hand, SCM is a critical area for multinational corporations with enough market power. This article aims to bring together scientific knowledge in the field of organizational design of multinational corporations (MNC) and the construction of organizational structures for logistics management.
A key feature of designing the organizational structure of logistics management in MNCs is the increased importance of national culture. This is confirmed by the articles on the role of the human factor in the SCM. Besides, other articles show the influence of the national culture criteria on the practices of crossfunctional coordination. In this regard, it is important not only to understand the peculiarities of national cultures, but also to be able to use them when implementing SCM practices, in other words, to be culturally intelligent. The article demonstrated the possibility of considering these characteristics both in theoretical terms and in practice, using an illustrative example of a large MNC. In addition, the specificity of the divisional organizational management structure development was demonstrated, where, on the one hand, both regional and product specificities are considered, on the other, the principle of dual subordination is absent. The developed methodology seems to be effective as it expands the knowledge of the manager responsible for building a rational organizational structure for managing logistics.