Цифровая революция в логистике: Эффекты, конгломераты и точки роста
The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.
Stock-out – an inventory shortage, is a situation which periodically or constantly retailers, networks of retail trade (and other commercial organizations connected with replenishment and stocks expenditure) face worldwide. Numerous publications of foreign authors proposing practical solutions for such organizations is a vivid example of it. Some retail chain stores and enterprises even issue guidebooks to handle stock-out. In domestic literature, there are publications describing various stock-out forms, as well as recommendations associated with the decision-making on them. Nevertheless, the experience connected with the prevention and struggle against the stock-out consequences is uncoordinated, lacks common structure, and sequence of actions. An enterprise facing stock-out receives only fragmentary data on the nature of this phenomenon, necessary instruments of influence and the sequence of actions. To give an idea of the existing spectrum of analytical approaches and possible practical solutions, is one of the main objectives of this article. At the same time, issues related directly to determining the stock volume and other parameters of a company's inventory management system are considered. Based on the analysis of the issues described above, a possible algorithm of actions an organization can follow in the event of a stock-out, is presented. The possible development of an approach to manage the most complex stock-out case – «with a lost demand» is also considered.