Внешнеэкономическая политика России в условиях глобальных рисков
The chapter examines the issues of adaptation of Russian banks to international banking regulation reform (Basel III) including their role in securing financial stability. Regulatory compliance is the starting point for fair competition of Russian banks in the international financial markets, which is one of the priorities in the context of Russian banking sector competitiveness as a successful implementation of Russian foreign economic policy. At the same time, the competitiveness of Russian banks will depend on their stress resilience to macro-level instability and to the aftermath of external economic sanctions, which, in turn, should ensure the continuum of their financial intermediation function. We systematize factors constraining international investment cooperation of Russian banks and propose measures to strengthen stress resilience and competitiveness of Russian banks in the context of deficiency of funding sources, as well as continuity of external economic sanctions and their possible expansion.
Though the service sector is growing rapidly in the emerging markets, including Russia, the quality of services is still low in comparison with the developed countries. Thus, organizations should implement strategic services management and create a customer-oriented culture. To analyze the role of customer orientation in the service sector in Russia, banking industry is considered. Based on the data collection of fifty largest banks it is determined that only thirty percent of the sample declares customer orientation as a corporate value. The calculation of corporate value index demonstrated that banks pay less attention to customer focus and more frequently mention effectiveness, trust, teamwork, and openness as the main values. An analysis of required skills and competencies of employees also demonstrated that customer orientation is not one of the main requirements to personnel in Russia.
This is a common practice to analyze company performance based on financial results, linkage to the strategy, or analysis of human resources related indicators, such as productivity, employee engagement, etc.. The recent research, conducted in January – June, 2012 among Russian top banks was directed to measure the influence of publicly declarative corporate values and codes of ethics on performance. Based on the analysis of annual and social reports of Russian banks core corporate values were determined. To numerically quantify corporate values CV – Index (corporate value index) was calculated. The research found out statistically significant evidence that corporate values (CV-Index) positively correlates with net profit of top banks.
These empirical findings suggest that corporate ethics is vital for management of banks in emerging markets.
In article the approach to increase of efficiency of activity of banks at the expense of optimisation of quantity of operators is considered. At the heart of the approach is the mathematical model of activity of the operators, developed on the basis of the theory of mass customer service.
In textbook the main issues connected with organization of credit analysis in a commercial bank were considered. The role of credit analysis in risk management system is shown. The methodology and specific methods for assessing the creditworthiness of borrowers used by banks are set out by complex approach. The textbook includes international recommendations for introduction of internal credit risk assessment systems in banks. With the aim at presenting the material examples from the practice of commercial banks, analytical tables, diagrams and figures were used.
This paper presents a pattern behavioral analysis of 100 largest Russian commercial banks by total assets during an eight- year period: from the first quarter of 1999 to the second quarter of 2007. Bank performance indicators are analyzed. Structural similarities in the development of the banks are examined. A cluster analysis is applied to determine banks with a similar structure of operations. This analysis allows to estimate how the structure of the Russian banking system has been changing over time. In particular, it allows to identify prevailing patterns in the behavior of Russian commercial banks and to analyze the stability of their position in a particular pattern.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.