Старославянский язык: Грамматика. Словари.
Old Churhc Slavonic orthography is considered to be as an essential tool for textual critisism. Since autonomous written usage is controlled by the lunguistic reflexion of scribe(s), the description of „unusual“ phenomena, i.e. deviation from scribal usage as attested by witnesses and resulted by the influence of the earlier stages of textual transmission is of importance for textual criticism. On the base of comparison of original Churhc Slavonic texts composed by Climent of Ohrid, Naoum of Ohrid and Constantine of Bulgaria it has been proved that Moravian (West Slavic) traces in the orthography of some Old Churhc Slavonic glagolitic manusripts may not go back to the earliest period of Church Slavonic linguistic history, but represent variety of Western and South Slavic linguistic features, which was typical for the literary tradition established by the disciples of Methodius in the Western regions of the First Bulgarian Kingdom. The analysis of phonetic and orthographic features of the Old Churhc Slavonic manusripts of Old East Bulgarian origin makes it possible to assertain that the earliest East Slavonic office menaia do not correspond with the literary heritage of the Eastern regions of the First Bulgarian Kingdom, but are related with Church Slavonic linguistic usage of South-Western origin.
The work is devoted to the estimation of the entropy of sources, generating messages from the letters of the Russian alphabet of 33 symbols (32 letters without "ё" and a space are taken into account) and the Old Church Slavonic alphabet of 45 symbols (44 letters of the Cyrillic alphabet and a special numeric character with the value 1000). The problem of assessing the dynamics of development and comparing the characteristics of the Russian language of different eras is solved (XVIII - XXI centuries).
The book is dedicated to the language of early Church Slavonic manuscripts of South and East Slavic provenance and dated back to the 11th - 14th centuries.
The book contains a collection of articles dedicated to problems of the history of Russian and Church Slavonic language.
A parchment fragment from the medieval reliquary of Hildesheim Cathedral is shown to be an 11th century Bulgarian merchant’s letter.
The article is dedicated to the linguistic and textual pecularities of the Festal Menaion F p I 37 preserved in Russian National Library (S.-Petersburg) and dated to the beginning of the 13th c. Numerous linguistic features of the manuscript testify to Old West Bulgarian (Old Macedionan) literary usage of the end of the 9th — beginning of the 10th c., on the basis of which the earliest Slavonic hymnographical translations were performed. Despite of such an archaic linguistic and textual layers observed in the manuscript, its calendar, structure and content were influenced by the monastic rite based on Typicon of Patriarch Alexius the Studite which had been translated and introduced in Kievan Rus’ at the second half of the 11th c. The linguistic features of the text version as attested by F p I 37 have been compared to the manuscripts testifying to the Alexius the Studite text version par excellence. It has been affirmed that adaptation of the Old Bulgarian hymnographic heritage in Kievan Rus’ followed the unstable trend to neglect the most remarkable South (and South West) Slavonic lingustic features and aimed at establishing “neutral” over dialectal early Church Slavonic literary usage.
The significant part of the article contains the edition of the earliest Slavonic, i. e. Old Bulgarian, translation of the Greek kanon Τάφῳ παρθενοδόχῳ dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos. The earliest Slavonic translation has been preserved in the unique available manuscript, that is F p I 37. The publication of the Slavonic translation is supplied with the first critical edition of the Greek source performed on the basis of twelve manuscripts, the linguistic commentary of the Slavonic text, and remarks concerning some metric pecularities of the original Greek version.
The article is dedicated to metrical pecularities of Old Church Slavonic liturgical poetry.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.