Принципы формирования коммуникативного пространства современного университета
The review on the monograph by V. E. Chernyavskaya “The Scientific Discourse: Representation of Results as Communicative and Linguistic Problem” (Moscow, 2017) states that the most important task of this book lies in attracting attention of research community to communication problems in the science in the 21st century. The review’s authors examine a range of issues that are of current importance to modern stylistics of scientific language. These include science in epistemic and social and cultural contexts, commercialization of science, imbalance among fundamental and applied researches, forms of knowledge distribution, structure of modern scientific text etc. The reviewers emphasize a high actuality and social and scientific importance of the monograph as its author analyzes a combination of factors influencing perception and evaluation of knowledge in the modern information society as well as proposes a reference text structure contributing to successful promotion of scientific results. According to the reviewers’ opinion the monograph meets the need to conceive the global scientific discourse and pay attention to the issue of representation, perception and evaluation of scientific knowledge. The review also considers some debatable issues of modern scientific communication, namely selection of language for publication, difficulties in promoting knowledge in humanities, contradictions between a perception subject and institutional factors that impede productive cognitive activity etc. The review underlines the unanimity of Professor V. E. Chernyavskaya’s views and the views of the Perm School for Functional Stylistics on scientific text’s structure and its role in science development.
The paper presents an economic and mathematical model designed to forecast development of a university depending on social and economic changes in the country and the amount of public funding of education. The university's internal decisions how to distribute its budget among operational activities, development, supporting science, and improving educational services and assumed as endogenous variables. The development of the university is viewed as a phase space trajectory defined by the four characteristics: quality of educational services, level of development of R&D and consulting activities, image and financial performance of university.
The choice of parameters meets the major interests of the most important stakeholders: state and society, business and science, labour market, prospective students, and the university staff. The model describes relationships between: a) funds obtainin and spending, b) results of university development along various axes and the investments, c) finance obtained and the results of university development, d) results of the university development in adjacent time intervals. The strenght of the model consists in its practical use confirmed by the first results of modeling.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.