Ответственность за нарушение договорных обязательств в сфере предпринимательской деятельности: монография
The article reveals the essence of the penalty, its main features as a measure of contractual liability.The author examines the procedures and principles for calculating the penaltyand the reasons and ways to reduce its size. The author also analyze the major challenges of the penalty on the basis of legislation and judicial practice.
The article deals with the dynamics of development in the civil law rules to ensure the possibility of obtaining a creditor of the real performance of the obligation. Concludes the formation to the present time the institute for real-fulfillment of obligations.
Legal protection from acts of unfair competition requires application of efficient government measures towards offenders. These measures should guarantee private and public interests, and also to promote discontinuation of a violation and restoration of the position of a victim. These legal remedies have their own general features and peculiarities both in France and Russia. Fore example, according to the French law, courts play a key role in application of sanctions. At the same time, France has wide experience of application of civil sanctions imposed for unfair competition which may be of use to domestic public authorities.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/