Вестник Центра Корейского Языка и Культуры Санкт-Петербургского университета
This article provides the comparison and the analysis of the peculiarities of translation of phraseological units, proverbs and sayings during the work on the concept «mother» («lа mère») in the learning process of students to the French language with the aim of increasing their linguo-cultural competence.
Traditional motives in contemporary South Korean literature (referencing Cheon Myun-Gwan's novel "Whale")
This article analyzes Cheon Myun-Gwan's novel "Whale", named by critics as "unusual" for its originality, frequent time shifts, and odd - if not fantastic - characters. Reality quietly morphs into fantasy, romantic stories absorb naturalistic scenes, lines of poetry augment descriptions of tragic events. The author himself is present in this fictional universe. Rarely does Korean fiction admit author's digression, yet in "Whale", the author addresses the reader and offers his own opinion on characters' actions and background events making reference to related historical episodes.
This article explores traditional motives related to folk beliefs, shamanism, Confucianism, and one of the forms of the Tao teachings. The unusual characters resembling those from the Korean medieval novellas paeseol can, too, be called traditional. Special attention is given to the main idea going through the entire novel — the life and death opposition — which has concerned philosophers and ordinary people alike since ancient times. The author repeatedly mentions the laws of the universe (the laws of love, flesh, heredity, crime, etc.) that govern the lives of the novel characters, and those laws are distant from the Confucian laws, which in turn regulate relationships between people in traditional Korean society.
This paper analyses the writings of South Korean authors that depict the events of the country's dictatorship period. Until the 1980s, the authorities armed with the anti-communist ideology practiced violent repression of protests demanding democratic reforms. Therefore, due to censorship at that time, it was impossible to write about politics openly. However, the famous writer Yi Mun Yol managed to express his views on the fight against authoritarianism allegorically. Since the late 1980s, first writings on the Gwangju Uprising, which was violently repressed by the military, started to appear (Choi Yun, Park Yang Ho); reporting on this event had been silenced until 1988. In the 1990s, it became possible to openly discuss the topics of the past totalitarian regime, repressions, student protests, and the workers' fight for their rights. The writers (Lee Seung Woo, Cheon Myun Gwan) began to show what a high price people paid for their democratic freedoms. In addition to that, in the works of young writers (Park Min Gyu, Kim Yeon Su, Cho Hae Jin, Han Gang) one can trace an interest in the history of their country and an interest in their northern neighbor, whom the state propaganda had previously referred to as the “red wolf”.
In modern South Korean, Japanese, and Chinese literature, including so-called female prose, a number of common tendencies may be found. At the beginning of its rise such literature discusses social aspects related to the role of a woman in family and society, her evolving self-consciousness, establishment of her personality. In subsequent years, female writers address the issues of the inner world of a woman, her relationship with a man. They write about love, desires and increasing demands of their heroines. At the same time the theme of dissatisfaction, loneliness, and alienation is becoming one of the major issues expressed in the prose of the three neighboring countries. These issues are raised by the life itself, by the history of these countries.
First translation into Russian.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.