Dobre i złe sąsiedztwa. Od konfliktu do współistnienia i współpracy
The arcticles included in this collection summarize the results of the second stage of international project devoted to history and contemporary state of relations between nieghbouring states, peoples and cultures.
The article discusses the concept of “the Other” as the basis of the ethics of tolerance. The problem is considered in the context of the theory of the historical process, of historical methodology, ethics in a core role of types of rationality / models of science. Singled out three variants of the relationship of epistemology and ethics as components of philosophy: opposition, interdependence, concurrency. Research substantiates the hypothesis that the classical type of rationality does not problematize “the Other” and, accordingly, a tolerant attitude toward it; non-classical rationality assumes interest towards “the Other”, which entails a tolerant attitude, which gets the clarity in the postnonclassical rationality, where tolerance becomes one of the foundations of ethics. Special attention is given to the concept of source study in historical knowledge in the context of the neoclassical science, focused methods of source study of historiography and comparative source study, which provide the ability to interpret strictly scientific and to compare different socio-cultural communities.
The paper examines the image of Western christianity in medieval Rusian culture. The primary sources are the anti-catholic sermons and epistles created by the Rusian bookmen of the 11th – 15th centuries. Compared with their probable greek sources these texts demonstrate more interest in everyday life of western neighbours, whereas dogmatic issues remain misunderstood or neglected. Such an attitude is very characteristic the religious life of pre-petrine Russia.