### Book

## Optimization Methods and Applications, In Honor of Ivan V. Sergienko's 80th Birthday, Springer Optimization and Its Applications

Researchers and practitioners in computer science, optimization, operations research and mathematics will find this book useful as it illustrates optimization models and solution methods in discrete, non-differentiable, stochastic, and nonlinear optimization. Contributions from experts in optimization are showcased in this book showcase a broad range of applications and topics detailed in this volume, including pattern and image recognition, computer vision, robust network design, and process control in nonlinear distributed systems.

This book is dedicated to the 80th birthday of Ivan V. Sergienko, who is a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine and the director of the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics. His work has had a significant impact on several theoretical and applied aspects of discrete optimization, computational mathematics, systems analysis and mathematical modeling.

Using network approach, we propose a new method of identifying key food exporters based on the long-range (LRIC) and short-range interaction indices (SRIC). These indices allow to detect several groups of economies with direct as well as indirect influence on the routes of different levels in the food network.

Wildfires are a naturally occurring phenomenon in many places of 4 the world. While they perform a number of important ecological functions, the 5 proximity of human activities to forest landscapes requires a measure of control/pre- 6 paredness to address safety concerns and mitigate damage. An important technique 7 utilized by forest managers is that of wildfire fuel management, in which a portion 8 of the available combustible material in the forest is disposed of through a variety 9 of fuel treatment activities. A number of operations research approaches have been 10 applied to locate and schedule these fuel treatment activities, and herein we review 11 and discuss the various models and approaches in the literature

The problems of development of parameter optimization subsystem of CMOS operational amplifiers are discussed. The simulation based approach is applied in the subsystem. A circuit simulator is used to obtain circuit performance measures. The structure of subsystem, choice of optimization methods, input and output data are considered. The application example of CMOS operational amplifier circuit sizing is given.

Book Series devoted to SMTDA2014.

We suggest a new approach to finding the maximal and the minimal spectral radii of linear operators from a given compact family of operators, which share a common invariant cone (e.g., family of nonnegative matrices). In the case of families with the so-called product structure, this leads to efficient algorithms for optimizing the spectral radius and for finding the joint and lower spectral radii of the family. Applications to the theory of difference equations and to problems of optimizing the spectral radius of graphs are considered.

The manual is devoted to the mathematical theory and methods of optimization applied to administrative decisions in economy. Volume 1 described approaches to mathematical modeling of management problems in economy and methods of mathematical programming tasks solution. Besides strict mathematical proofs, there are directing reasons, which is sometimes enough for understanding. There are many economic examples and exercises with detailed solutions. Readers are supposed to know the bases of the mathematical analysis and linear algebra, though necessary data from these courses in a concise form are provided in appendices.

relevance of the studied problem caused by the fact that optimum malfunctions search algorithms allow to reduce considerably losses at refusals of information systems. At the same time, on the way of creation of such algorithms quite often there are insuperable computing difficulties. The purpose of article is in increasing efficiency of methods for creation malfunctions search algorithms in information systems. In article, solutions proposed which simplify process of creation for required algorithms, when applied a method of dynamic programming. Optimization conducted by criterion of a minimum of average time for search of malfunctions. Materials of article can be useful to specialists in service, control and diagnostics of information systems.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability

The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.

Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.