Алексеев М., Вебер Ш. (ред.) Экономика России. Оксфордский сборник. – М.: Издательство Института Гайдара, 2015. Книга 2.
This paper puts forth a comprehensive set of measures to address the current economic crisis, prevent its further aggravation and ensure sustained and ongoing development of the Russian economy. In this study we seek to adopt the viewpoint of common sense and keep free from political and ideological bias. This is why we believe the proposed solutions should be implemented by any reasonable government irrespective of its political coloration. This text presents our vision of the Russian economy and its problems.
In this paper one of the methods of social indicators modeling is discussed. We suggest three stage approach: initially we develop theoretical model of Russian economy, taking into consideration some features such as Dutch disease. The set of exogenous variables are derived from the model. At the second step econometric modeling is used to test the findings. Finally we explore the regional level of the problem in order to rigorously test the models and to explain the outcomes of variety of researches focusing on spatial distribution of social indicators values in the Russian economy.
In this paper the methodology for disaggregated macroeconomic model of the Russian economy of 1990-2010s is given. In this model the following main sectors of the Russian economy are considered: the real sector (subsectors EOM (export-oriented markets), DOM (domestic oriented markets), EM (natural monopolies)), the financial sector, the population. We try to explain why the real understanding of trends and tendencies of the Russian economy is achieved only via interactions between these sectors. The choice of predictors of the macroeconometric model is carried out on the basis of conclusions of the theoretical disaggregated model: the main factors of long-term dynamics in co-integrated equations are considered and the functional form of these equations is chosen. The main conclusion of the authors: the theoretical description of the Russian economy is possible on the basis of the structural disaggregated model which can be used for the macroeconometric modeling.
The article describes the main features and parameters of the shadow economy, with a bird eye over Russian economy as an example. The description of the technological coefficient in the framework of V.K. Dmitrieff - W. Leontieff is given. Specific (originated from Political Economy) point of view as to relation of commodities - as (still) one of the key elements of an economic system - is formulated and established. .
The collection of articles based on the results of students and young scientists of the St. Petersburg State University of Economics and other universities of Russia researches. Articles reflect authors’ points of view in various aspects of the Russian economy and key trends of the world economy development. In addition, publications are devoted to the next issues: informatization of business management, development of recommendations in order to increase labor productivity in national companies and effective measures for the SMEs’ support. The questions of the increasing of export capacity, the main macroeconomic risks that influence on the implementation of the state programs and issues of public-private partnership as an instrument of qualitative institutional change are considered be young researchers. The collection of articles might become useful to researchers, lectures, students, graduate students and anyone interested in the problems and prospects of socio-economic development of Russia.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.