Frontiers in Comparative Metrics 3 in memoriam Jaak Poldmae
Metrics usage in higher education management has clearly become an issue of great importance. A recent high-profile policy report on this topic, commissioned by the Higher Education Funding Council for England, is aptly named The Metric Tide. It reiterates a number of basic principles like “don’t evaluate individuals using journal impact factors” or “peer review can’t be substituted by metrics,” and stresses that, “those involved in research assessment and management should behave responsibly, considering and preempting negative consequences [of metrics usage] wherever possible” (Wilson 2015). One of the obvious consequences is gaming with indicators, which comes in various types and level of severity. This paper deals with one particular technique centered around so-called “predatory” journals indexed in Scopus database. It is a part of a broader research on the impact of metrics-based policy measures on various university systems. See the introductory article about “predatory” publishing by the foremost authority on this topic prof. Jeffrey Beall, p. 07.
One of the first comparative studying of metric organized texts is presented in this article. The metrical texts in different languages are studied against the probabilistic models, capable to predict their structural shape and constructed in compliance with certain conditions of versification. As a result of research it appeared that the most severe constraints of versification characterize the German verse and the early samples of Russian iamb, and most lungs -- are typical for the English poetry and for the Russian verse of the second half of 18th -- the beginning of the 19th century. Intermediate position between English (also late Russian) and German verse has the Dutch poetry of 16th-17th century.
One of important problems of state expenses planning is non-transparency of cause-and-effect relations between measures (projects), which implementation was planned to achieve certain strategic goals. A traditional tool for overcoming these problems is creation of target programs. However, mechanical integration of projects into one target program will give no results from the standpoint of financial allocation decision making. The problem is that relationship between targets, tasks and specific projects are objectively complex. This complexity entails the possibility of arbitrary interpretations, non-purpose expenditures, attempts to attract all financial resources to one side and etc.
One of efficient tools for solving such problems through defining of strict relationship between expenses incurred and expected specific social and economical results of governmental organizations' activities is a methodology named Performance budgeting. The essence is that for any project, included into a certain program, should be defined how and to what extent this project facilitates achieving of the final goal of the whole program. During the program build-up stage this impact will be nothing but hypothesis, which later should be specified based on accumulated statistical data about values of metrics, characterizing program immediate outputs and final outcomes (hereafter - output/outcome metrics). Actually evaluation of metrics' impact could be implemented for operational adjustment of target programs finance allocation for their most effective spending.
What happens with Russian mathematics in terms of metric parameters? Where do Russian mathematicians work, where do they publish, how well are they cited?
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.