Proceedings of the ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD-SIGART Symposium on Principles of Database Systems
Our concern is the overhead of answering OWL 2QL ontology-mediated queries (OMQs) in ontology-based data access compared to evaluating their underlying tree-shaped and, more generally, bounded treewidth conjunctive queries (CQs). We show that OMQs with bounded depth ontologies have nonrecursive datalog (NDL) rewritings that can be constructed and evaluated in LOGCFL for combined complexity, and even in NL if their CQs are tree-shaped with a bounded number of leaves. Thus, such OMQs incur no overhead in complexity-theoretic terms. For OMQs with arbitrary ontologies and bounded-leaf tree-shaped CQs, NDL-rewritings are constructed and evaluated in LOGCFL. We experimentally demonstrate feasibility and scalability of our rewritings compared to previously proposed NDL-rewritings. On the negative side, we prove that answering OMQs with tree-shaped CQs is not fixed-parameter tractable if the ontology depth or the number of leaves in the CQs is regarded as the parameter, and that answering OMQs with a fixed ontology (of infinite depth) is NP-complete for tree-shaped CQs and LOGCFL-complete for bounded-leaf CQs.
The number of space objects will grow several times in a few years due to the planned launches of constellations of thousands microsatellites. It leads to a significant increase in the threat of satellite collisions. Spacecraft must undertake collision avoidance maneuvers to mitigate the risk. According to publicly available information, conjunction events are now manually handled by operators on the Earth. The manual maneuver planning requires qualified personnel and will be impractical for constellations of thousands satellites. In this paper we propose a new modular autonomous collision avoidance system called "Space Navigator". It is based on a novel maneuver optimization approach that combines domain knowledge with Reinforcement Learning methods.
Heaps are well-studied fundamental data structures, having myriads of applications, both theoretical and practical. We consider the problem of designing a heap with an “optimal” extract-min operation. Assuming an arbitrary linear ordering of keys, a heap with n elements typically takes O(log n) time to extract the min-imum. Extracting all elements faster is impossible as this would violate the Ω(n log n) bound for comparison-based sorting. It is known, however, that is takes only O(n + k log k) time to sort just k smallest elements out of n given, which prompts that there might be a faster heap, whose extract-min performance depends on the number of elements extracted so far. In this paper we show that is indeed the case. We present a version of heap that performs insert in O(1) time and takes only O(log ∗ n + log k) time to carry out the k-th extraction (where log ∗ denotes the iterated logarithm). All the above bounds are worst-case.
The article examines the problems of defining the term computer simulations of scientific experiments. The first part analyzes the original method for classifying variations of terms proposed by Duran as the most successful for demonstrating significant existing contradictions among philosophers regarding the place and role of computer simulations in the philosophy of science. In the second part of the article, the term itself is formulated by the author through the identification of the main features of computer simulations as a result of studying the nature of experimental data as transferring traces of an experiment from a graphematical space to a representative one. Following the concept of transposition, the author derives a relevant term from the essence of computer simulations revealed by him, claiming a new epistemological significance for such kind of scientific experiments for the philosophy of science.
Modern cybernetics and computer engineering papers and topics are presented in the proceedings. This proceedings is a Vol. 3 of the Computer Science On-line Conference proceedings. Papers in this part discuss modern cybernetics and applied informatics in technical systems. This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Applied Informatics and Cybernetics in Intelligent Systems section of the 9th Computer Science On-line Conference 2020 (CSOC 2020), held on-line in April 2020. CSOC 2020 has received (all sections) more than 270 submissions from more than 35 countries. More than 65% of accepted submissions were received from Europe, 21% from Asia, 8% from Africa, 4% from America and 2% from Australia. CSOC 2020 conference intends to provide an international forum for the discussion of the latest high-quality research results in all areas related to Computer Science. Computer Science On-line Conference is held on-line, and modern communication technology, which are broadly used, improves the traditional concept of scientific conferences. It brings equal opportunity to participate for all researchers around the world.
Data management and analysis is one of the fastest growing and most challenging areas of research and development in both academia and industry. Numerous types of applications and services have been studied and re-examined in this field resulting in this edited volume which includes chapters on effective approaches for dealing with the inherent complexity within data management and analysis. This edited volume contains practical case studies, and will appeal to students, researchers and professionals working in data management and analysis in the business, education, healthcare, and bioinformatics areas.
The Lambek calculus can be considered as a version of non-commutative intuitionistic linear logic. One of the interesting features of the Lambek calculus is the so-called ‘Lambek’s restriction’, i.e. the antecedent of any provable sequent should be non-empty. In this paper, we discuss ways of extending the Lambek calculus with the linear logic exponential modality while keeping Lambek’s restriction. Interestingly enough, we show that for any system equipped with a reasonable exponential modality the following holds: if the system enjoys cut elimination and substitution to the full extent, then the system necessarily violates Lambek’s restriction. Nevertheless, we show that two of the three conditions can be implemented. Namely, we design a system with Lambek’s restriction and cut elimination and another system with Lambek’s restriction and substitution. For both calculi, we prove that they are undecidable, even if we take only one of the two divisions provided by the Lambek calculus. The system with cut elimination and substitution and without Lambek’s restriction is folklore and known to be undecidable.
Relativisation involves dependencies which, although unbounded, are constrained with respect to certain island domains. The Lambek calculus L can provide a very rudimentary account of relativisation limited to unbounded peripheral extraction; the Lambek calculus with bracket modalities Lb can further condition this account according to island domains. However in naïve parsing/theorem-proving by backward chaining sequent proof search for Lb the bracketed island domains, which can be indefinitely nested, have to be specified in the linguistic input. In realistic parsing word order is given but such hierarchical bracketing structure cannot be assumed to be given. In this paper we show how parsing can be realised which induces the bracketing structure in backward chaining sequent proof search with Lb.
We assess and compare computer science skills among final-year computer science undergraduates (seniors) in four major economic and political powers that produce approximately half of the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduates in the world. We find that seniors in the United States substantially outperform seniors in China, India, and Russia by 0.76–0.88 SDs and score comparably with seniors in elite institutions in these countries. Seniors in elite institutions in the United States further outperform seniors in elite institutions in China, India, and Russia by ∼0.85 SDs. The skills advantage of the United States is not because it has a large proportion of high-scoring international students. Finally, males score consistently but only moderately higher (0.16–0.41 SDs) than females within all four countries.