Образование в цифрах:2017
The article is devoted to a new type of educational programs that are formed at the intersection of higher and secondary education. Education as an institute is seen as an instrument of social stratification of society. The authors analyze the major developments of education as an institute, for instance differentiation between of academic and vocational educational programs and the creation of programs of production a “Homo habilis” — a skilled performer. Changes in the vocational education system are considered in the light of the introduction of the new educational standards FSES 2011 (Federal State Educational Standards).
A continues microelectronics education system has been developed at MIEM. The approach provides all microelectronic products design stages learning and is based on close software/hardware relations and wide collaboration with industry enterprises during education process. The microelectronic products design stages studied inside the microelectronics educational program are considered.
This case describes foundation (2009) and rapid development of Izbenka LLC, local retailer of diary products in Moscow market. The company is focused on healthy natural food and managed to establish over 100 stores in Moscow. In its passion for natural products the company has a very thorough supplier selection policy. Izbenka managed to achieve high growth rates and attract loyal customers with ECR (efficient consumer response) and efficient logistics. Due to these competencies over 70% of products are produced, delivered and sold on the same day. Well trained and customer centric employees also contributed much to customer retention. In 2012 the CEO of the company decided to launch new retail format, that offered extended assortment, in addition to diary products customers were offered fresh meat, vegetables and fruits. This store chain was called VkusVille. Soon after the launch it became clear that its performance was way bellow the forecasts. One of the reasons was that the new store chain did not use the company's competitive advantages. The case focuses on the sources of competitive advantages of Izbenka company and their applicability to the new store format. This case was tested in master-level courses and is also applicable for MBA students. Requires knowledge of basic marketing and business strategy concepts.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.