Справедливость нормативного подушевого финансирования образования в России
Monitoring principles of normative per pupil financing of education in the regions of Russia Abstract. This book presents the results of monitoring regional and municipal normative legal acts establishing the methodology and size of budget per pupil funds for general and pre-school education. It also includes examples of "best practices" in implementation of federal requirements for normative-per pupil funds. The assessment of "fair" funds of general and pre-school education was given in this book using actual data of 2016 year. These "fair" funds were compared with size of budget per pupil funds established by the regional and municipal government authorities.
The PISA 2009 data (in reading) investigated the effectiveness of one year of schooling in seven countries: Russia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Germany, Canada, and Brazil. We used an instrumental variable, which allowed us to estimate the effect of one year of schooling through the fuzzy method of regression discontinuity. The analysis was performed both for regular and vocational education programs collectively as well as individually for regular schools. It was found that in general for Russian students enrolled in all programs, the effectiveness of one year of schooling is insignificant. In countries that practice the early separation of students into regular and vocational programs, the effectiveness of schooling is lower than in countries where all fifteen-year-olds are enrolled in regular programs. The effectiveness of one year of schooling for students enrolled in regular educational programs is significant in all countries. Students enrolled in vocational programs typically perform more poorly than those enrolled in regular programs. The strength of the relationship between the socioeconomic status of the student’s family and the effectiveness of schooling are highly dependent on the education system and vary from country to country. For Russia, as well as for some other countries, the effectiveness of schooling does not depend on socioeconomic status. The significance of these results for the evaluation of the effectiveness of schooling, and in particular for the fair evaluation of national achievement in countries that offer different educational trajectories, is discussed.
As the fifth book in a series of volumes on comparative legal issues in education (the others were on the rights of students, teachers, children with disabilities, and the status of higher education), then, this book focuses on issues in elementary or primary and secondary education so as to offer guidance to educational and legislative leaders in other nations. As reflected in the attached chapter outline, the book will include original chapters that have not been previously published, addressing legal issues in no less than a fifteen countries on all six inhabited continents. Although all chapters will follow the same template so that similarities and differences can be compared, authors are free to add information as they see fit. All of the chapter authors are leading academicians in the home countries and have contributed to other volumes in this series. As such, there is strong continuity from one volume to the next.
The article is devoted to the problem of up-bringing and socialization of children pre-school age inside the pre-school educational system of the USSR before the Great Patriotic War. Оn the basis of archive sources – the notes of role games in children gardens - author reveals kids ideas about the most popular and socially valuable professions, the sense and purposes of professional activities and about the ideal norms of the relationship in adult society
In this paper some important fact of Russain secondary education are presented through the eyes of parents . Monitoring of economics of education data 2006-2011 are used. Data from surveys of parents of students in Russian schools of various types in the years 2006 to 2011 show a high level of desire to invest in their children’s education. There has been a high degree of stability in aspirations and investment in spite of the economic problems caused by global recession.
The report provides an overview and analysis of the market of educational software, as well as the questions of Learning preschool children. This article analyzes the mobile application in the Russian market for the iOS platform, using augmented reality to enhance learning. On the basis of review, we proposed software development that implements the comprehensive approach to pre-school education, using the augmented reality algorithms.
This chapter demonstrates new trends in regulation of education in Russia, particuarly general education. It explores the positive developments in institutional development of education system and in the legal status of teachers and students. The new law 'On Education in the Russian Federation' and following legislation made Russian educational system more transparent and accessible. For example, all educational institutions of all levels, types and forms are now obliged to make important information about themselves available online. This rule is strictly monitored by both state agencies and public oversight bodies. Furthermore, education system has become more open to international exchange of foreign students, teachers, and learning technologies. It is a very important development that allowed Russian authorities to establish a very ambitious goal to ensure that by 2020 at least 5 of Russia’s best universities will be rated in the world’s top 100.
Education is now much better funded and regulated. The work of providers of both public and private education is becoming more open to external public scrutiny and, essentially, more accountable. The content of education is becoming more diverse and adaptable to the needs of the society. Of paramount importance is the growing public involvement and public interest in making education more accessible for all and of better quality. It seems, indeed, that the combination of strong systematic legislative regulation and encouragement of public participation in resolving issues of both nation-wide and local importance have a combined positive effect.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.