Моделирование и анализ бизнес-процессов: учебник
The paper presents the infological database design method using the kinematic approach based on using space-time coordinates of objects as globally unique identifiers, and modelling of objects movement and interaction as sequences of spatio-temporal coordinates. The limitations of the "entity-relationship" diagrams application to spatio-temporal data modelling are described and possible solutions are given. The paper has analyzed the possibilities of periodic processes modelling and the applicability of the kinematic approach to modeling objects of different nature ( both physical and informational ) that have different kinematic characteristics (static, quasi-static and dynamic objects). Kinematic-based entities and relationships for university and corporate information systems are described.
This volume contains a set of dedicated scientific contributions to the 11th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research. The peer-reviewed and tentatively selected papers cover a broad scope of modern research in Business Informatics, and include new results in such domains as: Knowledge Management and Semantic Web, Business and information systems development, Business, people and systems interoperability and Business intelligence.
In 2012 the conference is hosted by National Research University Higher School of Economics (NRU HSE) in Nizhny Novgorod. Our university is Russia’s leader in the field of scientific research conducted at the junction of Management, Economics and Governance of IT. In particular, NRU HSE is the originator and the promoter of Business Informatics in Russia. Therefore NRU HSE pays particular attention to sustainable international cooperation and leverages scientific research in that area.
We strongly believe that materials presented will contribute to further advances in Business Informatics and will foster intensive scientific cooperation between researchers.
The research reported in this paper aims at introducing principally new approach to the design of traceability applications for supply network by the means of semantically consistent and conceptually aligned abstractions of business-processes, data, and software architecture. To derive needed abstractions, proposed approach uses the general principles of enterprise ontology for meta-description of business objects and processes, conceptual modeling techniques for data representation in a universal format, and multi-agent solution adjusted with an ontological view on data model and business processes of organizations. The method for data modeling consistent with the business view on supply chain activities is introduced and exemplified. Agent-based approach to tracing data analysis and particular model of intellectual agents are presented.
Recognizing the challenges that a contemporary university faces, an inter-faculty group of researchers performed the analysis of organizational and management approach in one of Russia’s universities and modeled existing business processes. The university is a multi-campus organization and to manage it efficiently it is necessary to make transition from the traditional management model to a more flexible - network structure. This paper focuses on development of the Goal Tree and designing of AS-IS model. The researchers applied IBM Business Modeler which allows to execute modeling and simulation of business processes. The practical value of the proposed approach is that it enables the university management to improve performance and effectiveness.
Inconsistency of business processes can affect company profits and lead to the loss of regular customers and reputation in the market. Well managed business process has one key distinctive feature – a consistency. Checking the consistency of business process helps to reveal hidden bugs in the process model, but requires considerable labor costs and analytics. We compared two approaches to verifying consistency. The first approach is based on generating object life cycles for each object type used in process and supported by special tool as an extension for IBM WebSphere Business Modeler. Another one is a proposition to use DEMO methodology for verifying consistency. The results of research show that DEMO methodology enables significantly reduce labor costs and improve quality of analyze
In order to support management functions in dynamically changing corporate enterprises, adequate information systems need to be built, automating desirable adaptation of inter- and intra- organizational business processes. This paper therefore introduces a new approach to the design of multi-agent information systems meant for planning, discovering, monitoring deviations, and optimizing business processes. Expected qualitative breakthrough in the system’s capacity is based on the matching of its constructional and behavioral perspective with the ontological model of supported enterprise. Besides, conformity between organizational and information systems is supplemented by their conceptual alignment in the description of states and processes. The method of multi-agent framework construction and its application for traceability in supply chains are presented in this paper.
This book consists of selected papers presented in the framework of the 16th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research (BIR 2018), held in Stockholm, Sweden, September 24-26, 2018. The BIR conference series was established 16 years ago as the initiative of some German and Swedish universities with the aim of supporting the global forum for researchers in business informatics for their collaboration and exchange of results.
At the moment, there are many tools that provide object approach to application development. This is the fact that the object-oriented paradigm is dominant in the development of new applications for any subject domains. Object-oriented approach is increasingly used in the implementation of database applications. The existence of their own strengths and weaknesses of each instrument, their main goal-to provide developers all the benefits of object-oriented paradigm for implementation of database applications. This paper provides a detailed overview of existing works and presents the unified testing model which is used to demonstrate different methods of presenting structural models in database applications. In last section the conclusions of the work and made suggestions for further development is given. This paper is the result of years of research and is based on numerous articles published in the Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference "Object Systems" (objectsystems.ru).
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables