Федеральный справочник. Образование в России
This case study has two goals: (1) to present Russia’s experience in strengthening its student assessment system, and (2) to share lessons learned for the benefit of other countries that may be interested in strengthening their own student assessment systems. The paper examines reforms to the enabling context that supports educational assessment in Russia—that is, reforms that affected the policy framework and institutions, the development of human capacity, and funding sources. It then analyzes reforms to large‐scale assessments, examinations, and classroom assessment activities; identifies the driving forces that contributed to the reforms; and extracts key lessons about strengthening an educational assessment system.
This chapter demonstrates new trends in regulation of education in Russia, particuarly general education. It explores the positive developments in institutional development of education system and in the legal status of teachers and students. The new law 'On Education in the Russian Federation' and following legislation made Russian educational system more transparent and accessible. For example, all educational institutions of all levels, types and forms are now obliged to make important information about themselves available online. This rule is strictly monitored by both state agencies and public oversight bodies. Furthermore, education system has become more open to international exchange of foreign students, teachers, and learning technologies. It is a very important development that allowed Russian authorities to establish a very ambitious goal to ensure that by 2020 at least 5 of Russia’s best universities will be rated in the world’s top 100.
Education is now much better funded and regulated. The work of providers of both public and private education is becoming more open to external public scrutiny and, essentially, more accountable. The content of education is becoming more diverse and adaptable to the needs of the society. Of paramount importance is the growing public involvement and public interest in making education more accessible for all and of better quality. It seems, indeed, that the combination of strong systematic legislative regulation and encouragement of public participation in resolving issues of both nation-wide and local importance have a combined positive effect.