Английский язык для историков. Учебник и практикум для академического бакалавриата
The book, offered readers, conference materials placed under the same name, held in Smolensk State Pedagogical University in June 1998. Articles reflected two trends: 1.The influence of religious outlooks and mentality on policy 2. The influence of politics and political interests on religion.
Volume is devoted to a wide range of issues of history and modern foreign countries.
The international standards of academic writing introduced into English language teaching present both cognitive and linguistic challenges for Russian undergraduate students. The article aims to investigate how Internet resources can contribute to the second language students’ academic writing. We explore the functions of Corpora and other web resources as important tools in the process of writing a research paper in English. The articles explores the potential of the Internet resources for brainstorming, developing the strategy of research, searching and selecting literature sources, providing language data, creating a learner’s own corpus, bringing evidence of typical patterns in academic contexts, proofreading. The conclusion is made about the important role of the Internet for self-study and independent language skills development.
The article analyses the long political career and life of Mwai Kibaki, former President of Kenya.
The article is devoted to the new interpretation of the world history, macro-processes and “longue durée” which has already been characterized as the “global” (“transnational”) turn. It aims to answer the questions what are the reasons of this “turn”, what are the real results of the newly born interest towards macro-processes, and finally, what is the present vision on the combination of the micro- and macro-scales in the historical research. The article locates a place of the “global” (“transnational”) turn in the contemporary historiographical situation with its paradoxical combination of the demand on the “decentralization” (first of all, on overcoming Eurocentrism) and simultaneously the Anglo-Americanization of knowledge. The results of the turn are obvious and are connected with a new critical attitude towards conventional stereotypical generalizations (here we should underline the achievements of the second half of 1970s – 2000s in the struggle with metanarratives) and generally with a growing amount of sources available to historians (digital humanities). The interest, on the one hand, to history transcending conventional national, regional, ethno-confessional boundaries (the enlargement of the spatial dimension) and, on the other hand, to the “longue durée” (the enlargement of the temporal dimension) does not mean abandoning micro-historical methods but present a new criterion: a case should reveal an important large trend. The failures of the turn are also clear: the publications race and the wish to correspond to the most fashionable historiographical trends may lead to the laxity of narrative and the weak source base of conclusions.
Volume is devoted to the problems of the interaction of western and eastern societies at different times of its history.
This research studies the influence of professional competence of EFL learners on their metaphor production. The task was approached through analyzing metaphors in the English written texts produced by Russian students with different competence in economics – the non-professional and professional competence level. Findings highlight similarities and divergence of metaphor use in L2 writing in terms of learners’ professional competence. The results of comparative analysis of specific features in metaphors produced at different professional competence levels reveal the quantitative and qualitative differences of what functions metaphors are used to perform and to what extent they are used accurately. With the shift from the non-professional to the professional competence level learners are able to use metaphors that combine a function of presenting abstract concepts with a discourse organising function in a more balanced way and make much more use of creative metaphors, and their metaphor production tends to be less influenced by L1 background. Practical recommendations suggest an improved research methodology for studying metaphor production in ESAP as well as a deeper understanding of ESP content and its structure.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.