«比教与创新:京津冀与莫斯科城市群的挑战与应对» 主编:曲宏,德米特里•萨夫金, 北京2016 (ISBN: 978-7-5304-8576-7) // коллективная монография «Проблемы и решения агломерации Пекин-Тяньзинь-Хэбэй и Московской агломерации» на китайском языке под редакцией Д.А.Савкина и Цюй Хун. Пекин: издание Китайской Академии Общественных Наук, 2016 год. 420 страниц 2016 (ISBN: 978-7-5304-8576-7)
The study, presented in the article is a part of the research project "Regional identity in terms of socio-economic changes (on the example of Nizhny Novgorod Region, 2002 - 2014 years)". It reveals the age aspects of participants’ subjective opinions towards problems of urban development. In this study, regional identity is presented as a social phenomenon with a complex structure that includes symbolic, political, economic, social, socio-psychological components. Social and socio-psychological components of regional identity are in the focus of the analysis. The sample of the study involved "provincial" cities residents – citizens of regional centers and small towns of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The first stage was based on a sample of 516 people (2002), the second stage - on a sample 366 people (2014). The study was made by the cross-section method. During the interview participants formulated their own vision of the majority opinion on the prospects of the city, expressed their individual views on urban development programs, and stated areas where they were willing to show personal participation, which allowed to determine the changes in the indices of activity, altruism and solidarity of citizens in the studied period. Data analysis clearly points to the "cohort effect" in assessing the status of citizens groups of different age over the study period and, accordingly, changes in the socio-psychological dimension of regional identity. The cohort effect is evident on the material of the overall priorities of citizens in the city and region development: all age groups have radically changed their views on the values of the majority over 12 years, particularly due socio-cultural and historical transformation. The cohort effect is also identified it the analysis of social integration indicators - solidarity and altruism. Market economy transitions, socio-political culture transformations have particularly affected social integration indicators in the group of citizens of middle and old age.
Modern urban performance depends not only on the city's endorsement of hard infrastructure (physical capital), but also on the availability and quality of knowledge communication and social infrastructure (intellectual capital and social capital). This is one of the clear reasons why the concept of Smart Cities recently attracted a great amount of attention, both from academia and city planners. One of the challenges of the Smart City concept is how to raise human capital among people, such as making them culturally sensitive, mobile and to improve other social characteristics. This challenge is especially valid for industrial cities that are facing economic turbulence and a demand for revitalizing their public spaces and economic specialties. The aim of this study is to examine the correlation between the amount of international students in Russian universities with the positive changes that occur in a Russian student’s human capital, and their neighbourhood areas, especially in public spaces. We aim to support the hypothesis that a network of “internationalized” universities serves as a revitalization measure for a city, facilitating the development of its surrounding areas, and reducing political and social risks within a society. Research methods for gathering data are: deductive trend search, which uses a literature review from leading academic journals and the empirical study based on the created questionnaire. This questionnaire forms a dataset which consists of a number of master courses held in English from one of the leading Russian universities based in Moscow. In this paper, we explain the research design and the results of a long-term project which we expect to complete in Russia in 2016.
Urban Transport XXI contains the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment. The series of annual conferences organised by the Wessex Institute was first held in 1995. Transportation in urban areas, with its related environmental and social impacts, is a topic of significant concern for policymakers in both municipal and central government and for the urban citizens who need effective and efficient transport systems. Urban transport systems require considerable studies to devise and then safeguard their operational use, maintenance and safety. Transportation systems produce significant environmental impacts and can enhance or degrade the quality of life in urban centres. Clearly the challenge of providing effective and efficient transport systems in urban settings remains an acute concern, with financial, political and environmental constraints limiting the ability of transport system planners and operators to deliver the high quality outcomes expected by the public.
Russia has faced truly momentous changes and tensions over the last twenty years as the country adjusts to becoming a market economy. The case studies presented address: the challenge of a changing population distribution across this enormous country; the continuing mismatch between the dense form of what is being built in today’s cities and the aspirations of many to live in a rural idyll; and the momentous 2012 international competition in respect of the planned massive expansion of Moscow.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.