ГОРОД ДЛЯ ЖИЗНИ запуск процессов преобразования территорий ветхой жилой застройки
The article discusses the concept of the creative city and its application in Russian cities. On the examples of Obvodny Kanal area and New Holland Island in St. Pe- tersburg the possible consequences of the creative spaces development are analyzed: social segregation, elitism and the increasing importance of the cultural consump- tion as a segregational practice.
Characteristics is given to the concepts “housing”, “residential premise”; legal category “residential premise” is considered from the point of view of embodiment of national (basic) standard housing, established by the State; system of viewpoint of European Court in Human Rights under the name “concept of housing” developing from authority to authority is being analyzed; the issue of diffusion of inter-subject concepts “housing” and “residential premise” in connection with the process of State integration into common legal and economic European space is being considered; the shortcomings of legal definition “residential premise” are being disclosed, as not reflecting its essence, purposefulness and variety of forms of its existence; in this respect the main conclusion on introduction of changes into art.15 and 16 of Housing Code has been made.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.