Проблемы преподавания курса "Русский язык и культура речи в вузах"
The paper focuses on typical mystakes in writenn speech made by first-year students learning a new register of their native language. Interpretation of the reasons for these 'risk points' in vocabulary and grammar characteristic of contemporary Russian speech is given. Mistakes in a written text can be different. Primary mistakes are caused by the lack of competence, while secondary mistakes result from author’s attempt to correct the text. The secondary mistakes often arise when the author thinks over different ways to express his/her idea. In this situation, mistakes are caused by the conflict of different formulations. The secondary mistakes are evidences of author’s high competence. Authors generally are able to correct these mistakes and find good variants to replace the wrong word or expression. One of the main tasks of the courses in Russian language is to encourage students to work with texts, look for the best formulations for their ideas.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.