Развитие личности и психологическая поддержка учащихся с ОВЗ в условиях инклюзивного профессионального образования
A computer program intended for detecting regularities and forecasting the results of men’s 100 m of the World Cup -2015 in track and field athletics is developed. The neural network based on the results of the previous World Cups and the Olympic Games lies in the heart of the program. Besides forecasts the program allows to estimate the influence of the parameters’ change characterizing athletes on heir sports results, and also to select optimum combinations of these parameters for each athlete. By research of neuronetwork mathematical model recommendations about improvement of productivity of well-known athletes are developed: Useyn Bolte, Tyson Gay, Christoff Lemetr, Nessa Carter, Johan Blake and Justin Getlin.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.