Дескрипторная теория метафоры
In the book main notions of descriptor theory of metaphors are discussed. Each example of metaphor usage is described as cortege of significative and denotative descriptors. Quantitative analysis of descriptors of both kinds allows to creature models of metaphorical structures of different discourses and their restricted fragments. In the book conceptual apparatus of descriptive theory is presented as well as case studies – examples of application of conceptual apparatus to concrete language areas, i.e. to political discourse and to restricted discourses (language of Gospels and to novels by A.Platonov).
This article considers the model of metaphorical transfer of names of natural (atmospheric) phenomena. The worn inner form of many metaphors needs to consult the diachronic aspect, which allowes us to determine the conceptual transfer vector - the emotional attitude of speakers to natural phenomena, deterministic fear of them, faith in their supernatural origin.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.