Методические рекомендации по реализации ФЗ о концессионных соглашениях и постановления Правительства РФ от 26 декабря 2015 года "О предоставлении финансовой поддержки за счёт средств государственной корпорации - фонда содействия реформированию жилищно-коммунального хозяйства на модернизацию систем коммунальной инфраструктуры"
Nowadays, a lot of leading economists link the future of our country with the involvement of a large scale of foreign investment in Russian economy, which pursues long-term goal of a civilized society in Russia, which characterized by a high standard of living. This problem can be solved, but first it is necessary to examine the specific of the state in which foreign investment attracts, to consider the economic and legal framework of Russia. At the same time, great attention should be paid to the last of these, because there is a kind of paradox in this area: the strongest tool to attract foreign capital at the same time is the main reason that keeps investors from large investments. Foreign investment is a capital funds which have been taken out of one country and invested in various types of business activities abroad in order to derive business profits or interest. Foreign investments may take a variety of forms. This article is focus on such forms of foreign investment as a concession agreements and production sharing agreement.
The history of legal regulation of concession relations development is considered in the article, beginning with farming system and ending with oil concession agreements in the end of twentieth century. The oil concessions development is considered in detail from the end of the nineteenth - beginning of the twentieth century; gradual changes of USA concessions and eastern concessions are compared.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.