Водные ресурсы Индии: экономические, политические, социальные аспекты
Migration and settlement of Naga tribes is strongly related to the geographical environment. The Naga Hills ranges run from east to south-west in roughly parallel lines with narrow valleys in between. The geographical environment has determined the existence of a Naga village as a fully independent organism. Regardless of development of the commodity-money relationship and availability of modern communication tools the social structure of a village has hardly changed over the last 100 years.
Pursuant to Article 371А, Constitution of India (Special Provision with Respect to the State of Nagaland), customary law is applied within the territory of Nagaland state of India. Consent of the land owners is necessary to start any project on agricultural merioration, soil conservation, water storage or catchment area preservation.
Within the monsoon period (May-September) there is enough water (1800-2250 mm). Distribution of water for irrigation is realized in accordance with the customary law norms. An irrigation channel can be the property of one family, the property of several families with the land plots located closely or discretely. The village community members take part in the works for construction, support and reconstruction of the irrigation system. When water comes to the plots, women can catch small fish there to be quickly cooked or dried and stored.