Развитие экономической науки на транспорте : Новые решения : сборник докладов II Международной научно-практической конференции
The paper describes the possibility of using the Internet of Things in transport industry and processes while all the life cycle of transporting passengers and goods. Authors provide detailed research of effects and benefits by using Internet of Things while transportation, «smart cars and vehicles», customer applications that drives cost optimization and economic effect. The paper provides the analysis of potential trends in development of Internet of Things in transportation sector forced by information and digital technologies development recent years. Also the productivity and cost savings aspects are carefully examined as well as their impact to the company’s transportation and logistics business processes. While providing recommendations on business processes improvement and costs and risks reducing initiatives, the global trends are considered.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.