ИСТОРИЯ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИХ УЧЕНИЙ. Учебник и практикум для академического бакалавриата
This edited volume examines the relationship between economic ideas, economic policies and development institutions, analysing the cases of 11 peripheral countries in Europe, Latin America and Asia across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
It sheds light on the obstacles that have prevented the sustained economic growth of these countries and examines the origins of national and regional approaches to development. The chapters present a fascinating insight into the ideas and visions in the different locations, with the overarching categories of economic nationalism and economic liberalism and how they have influenced development outcomes.
This book will be valuable reading for advanced students and researchers of development economics, the history of economic thought and economic history.
В учебнике рассмотрена историческая эволюция и современные направления мировой и украинский экономической мысли в контексте динамики экономической, социальной, духовной и политической сфер общества. Охарактеризованы идеи, концепции и теории ведущих мыслителей древнего мира и средневековья, научный потенциал классической политической экономии, ее основателей и ведущих последователей. Специальные разделы учебника посвящены генезису марксизма, неоклассики, кейнсианства и институциональному анализу. Акцентировано внимание на историческом развитии отечественной экономической мысли, достижениях ведущих украинских ученых-экономистов, в частности, эпохи независимости Украины. Учебник оснащен необходимыми материалами из первоисточников, рисунками и таблицами, содержит перечни основных терминов и понятий, контрольные и дискуссионные вопросы, дает возможность применения современных образовательных технологий.
Для студентов, аспирантов, преподавателей высших учебных заведений, научных, государственных служащих, предпринимателей, экономистов-практиков и всех, кто интересуется экономической наукой.
In the preface to the translation of the last manuscript by D. Ricardo, "Absolute value and exchange value" (August-September 1823), an assessment of the historical and economic significance of this text in the corpus of Ricardo's works is given, a variant of rethinking Ricardo's heritage in Russia (the tradition of N. Zieber, on the one hand, and V.K. Dmitriev, on the other). The content of this essay is unveiled, as applied to the analysis of P. Sraffa's "Production of Commodities by means of Commodities".
A theoretical contribution to the economics and statistics of prominent scientists is described: A. Fayol, one of the founders of industrial management, academician, one of the CEMI RAS' founders N.P. Fedorenko, Nobel Prize winner 1993 R.W. Vogel, the greatest economist of the Middle Ages, the scholastician Thomas Aquinas, a prominent peasant scholar and predecessor of Chayanov - A.F. Fortunatov.
This volume introduces to the reader the second edition of the main work of Adam Smith's "father" of classical political economy - "Wealth of Nations" (1776). The first edition, published in the series "Anthology of Economic Thought" in 2007, was met with approval by a wide circle of our readers and the expert community. In continuation of this tradition, this edition first publishes the translation of A. Smith's History of Astronomy, one of the main works of the early period (until 1758), in which a method of studying socio-economic processes is born and perfected, which subsequently brought the author worldwide fame. In it already appears an exceptionally fruitful metaphor of the "invisible hand", which Smith promulgates as applied to celestial phenomena ("the invisible hand of Jupiter"). In "Wealth of Nations" Smith summarized the ideas of scientists for the previous century, developed a system of categories, methods and principles of economic science and had a decisive influence on its development in the XIX century in Britain and other countries, including Russia. During his lifetime, Smith's book withstood several publications and was translated into other European languages, becoming a classic of economic literature. Unflagging interest in it is also evident today in connection with the problems of the world division of labor, the global market and competition on it. All the merits of the previous edition of The Wealth of Nations in Russian, including the nominal, subject and geographical indexes, are preserved. The text was compared with the most authoritative "Glazgov edition" of Smith's works (1976-1985, 6 volumes). For scientists, historians of economic thought, graduate students and students, as well as all classics of political economy who are interested in the legacy.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.