Россия 2014: год новой реальности
In Putin's third term, official rhetoric has become a normative, moralizing discourse promotng Russian tradtional values as opposed to the "moral decay" of the West. This "biopolitical turn" in Russian politics -- a redefining of the boundaries of the Russian political community and extension of state sovereignty into private lives -- is part of the authortarian drift of the Russian political regime.
In result of intensive personnel replacements in 2014 - first half of 2016, Russian political regime has strengthened its personalistic character and shifted from the 'corporate' to 'sultanistic'.
Since the Russian-Ukrainian conflict began, the Kremlin has persistently tried to expand its control over Belarus, a process that has had quite the opposite effect as Belarusian government policy became more independent in 2014-2015.
There has always existed a paradox in the simultaneous contingence and estrangement in Belarusian-Russian relations.
Estrangement looks the stronger of the two today, evidenced by the decrease in Belarus’ military dependence on Russia and its refusal to allow the establishment of a Russian military base on its territory; the reduction in the Russian economy’s role in Belarus; discrepancies in the foreign policy and media spheres; and conflicts between the political elites of both countries.
These are some of the conclusions found in analytical paper Belarus-Russia Relations after the Ukraine Conflict released by the Ostrogorski Centre.
Russian foreign policy today makes accent on developing alternative payment, currency and investments institutions as well as markets free of political, financial and normative control by the West. The West is gradually abandoning the strategy of maintaining global liberal economic order based on US leadership, and instead is consolidating markets around itself, developing its own trade and economic associations. Geographic boundaries of these markets point at the fact that the dominating tendency in the modern world is to develop gigantic regional and quasi global markets on ideological geopolitical principles. In this process we can see the first indications of a new bipolarity, and the visible features of emerging bipolarity are trade and finance. This process has become especially pronounced in the course of the Ukrainian crisis.
A collection of articles on contemprorary Russia by Russian authors; the book is organized in three parts: Part 1: Political Economy, Political Geography and the Politics of Federalism; Part 2: Regime, Ideology, Public Opinion and Legitimacy; Part 3: Civil Society: Defeat and Radicalization?