This book presents the results of a comparative analysis of society and culture in Eastern Siberia, situated within a broader Russian context. The study is based on empirical research supported by the Russian Humanitarian Scientifi c Foundation under two grants: “The development of social capital in the Krasnoyarsk Territory” (scientifi c research program, grant № 11-03-00250a); and “A socio-cultural portrait of the Krasnoyarsk Territory” (scientifi c research program, grant № 10-03-00001a). It employs a multi-paradigm approach, based upon accepted theories by Russian and Western sociologists, and post-non-classical models with corresponding research methods as well. Modern Siberia (illustrated by its Eastern regions – the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Republic of Khakassia) is studied as a unique sociocultural phenomenon. The study locates Eastern Siberian regions as a holistic sociocultural formation within the Russian Federation. Thus, the research focuses on the particular identity of the Eastern-Siberian population, modernization processes in the region, and the distinguishing attributes of the Siberian mindset, including orientations on basic values and value experiences. Special consideration is given to Christian archetypes, archetypal symbols and values in the collective consciousness of the respondents. The effect of archetypal symbols and values on social changes is discussed. Finally, the research includes a study of attitudes among teachers to their students and society in general.
Psychoanalytic tradition of study of food as a primary form of communication of a person and the world is represented in the researches of M. Klein, D. Frankl, F. Perls - in their works we can see evolution of the psychoanalytic tradition of study of food experience of a person - from the analysis of the primary food experience in the relationship mother-baby to the idea of mental metabolism, which has structural similarity with food metabolism. F. Perls and D. Frankl articulated the communicative concept of food experience, according to which the identity of a person is formed and his/her existential choice is constructed, too. The main psychoanalytic idea is that food experience is passed through the human positive / negative energy of libido - that is encounter with the world as Others in the primary act of food awakens ones own libidinal energy of an individual and serves as a stimulus to personal development. Psychoanalysis insists that the underlying constructs of interaction with the world are formed in early childhood, are based on the primary food reactions, and are projected to all other forms of its communications. The theory of assimilation and introjection of the authority is the most important discovery of F. Perls. Standards to ensure the quality of physical and mental metabolism are assimilation. At the level of introjection an embedded object maintains without any processing. Normal personal growth always implies a critical attitude toward any objects from the surrounding world, a molar, rather aggressive attitude towards them, and as a result - their assimilation. While introduction of any values in the consciousness of a person occurs when a person forms ability to introjecton and inability to assimilation. Therefore, a totalitarian society has a special food culture - when the level of the body inculcates the habit of introjection of the external object in the form of food, the habit, which is extrapolated to other areas of life, including the sphere of consciousness. Then mental metabolism is also disturbed, and the person is ready to introjection what is suitable for a totalitarian power. Therefore, a totalitarian society cannot be an affluent society - in particular, the culture of food of a totalitarian society must have defective nature and must be accompanied by repressive nutritional practices.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.