Деловой климат в оптовой торговле в III квартале 2014 года
The article gives a brief description of the current state of the wholesale trade in terms of the dynamics of the main statistical indicators in this field of economy as well as on the background of the historical development. Defining the place and role of wholesalers in the supply chain, factors threatening to their competitiveness and existence are identified. To counter the challenges, the focus on providing logistics services on the basis of the adopted customer service policy is proposed as a solution. Making customer service policy it is recommended to start with the coordination of the strategies of different levels and different functional areas of the company.
Procedures of minimization of the total costs/penalties caused by service of orders in links of chains of deliveries are presented. They are discussed and formalized for the first time with reference to models when it is necessary to consider variable tariffs of such penalties at their decrease in time under the scheme of continuous percent.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.