Частное и общественное: гендерный аспект
These proceedings illustrate the recent developments in Slavonic gender linguistics, show current tendencies and research questions, and underline the potential of Slavonic queer linguistics for furthering our understanding of the influence of gender stereotypes and heteronormativity on language. They provide fresh ideas to Slavonic gender queer linguistics - fertile ground for future research in the field.
The unique character of this book results from its interdisciplinary approach which reunites contributions by scholars with diverse backgrounds, ranging from linguistics, cultural studies, and sociology to politics and literature. It makes clear that gender queer linguistic topics cannot be explored exclusively from a linguistic perspective. Rather, a (socio)cultural approach is needed which provides a framework for analyzing not only discriminatory and sexist language structures but the very relation between gender, identity, and language.
This collection of essays, all by Russian scholars, is the first of its kind to address a broad English-speaking audience. It presents the theories and methodologies employed by Russian national historiography to make sense of Russian gender and women’s history. The essays in this volume discuss women’s and gender history in Russia, highlighting sensitive areas in the Russian academic community and in Russian society in general. The book appears in the context of an intense backlash against the liberal ideology of Russian modernization. That backlash has manifested itself in constant and persistent calls for traditional values and the rejection of gender as a concept, which many Russians believe entails the ability to choose one’s sex. Women are expected to return to their “natural state” as mothers and housekeepers; feminism has once again become a perceived cause of bad motherhood, is seen as a general threat to the family, and is even held responsible for “unnatural vices.” These attacks on gender and feminism as academic concepts, together with their further politicization, underscore the importance of women’s history in Russia. They also force scholars to reflect on the reasons and roots of such hostility. Furthermore, they bring up immanent questions about the nature and origins of these traditional values. These are the questions this books answers.
A woman’s body becomes a site of alarming attention and anxiety in modern Western culture. The preoccupation with the body seriously affects women’s psychological well-being and self-esteem, health and health related behaviours, relationships with others, and career. This article focuses onthe social influences on body perception and women’s individual lives. It reveals the complexity of a human body and women’s personal activity addressed to their bodies, and containsthe results of qualitative hermeneutical research of influential bodily sociocultural tendencies and women’s attitudes towards their bodies in modern Western culture.