Пути гнозиса: мистико-эзотерические традиции и гностическое мировоззрение от древности до наших дней: Международный научный симпозиум
In the paper the typological analysis of researches in sphere Western esotericism mid 20th-early 21st century made. The aim of the report is to highlight common areas of Western esotericism among the variety of different private researches. For definition of base types of researches the author is guided first of all by geographical, chronological, methodological criteria. As it is represented by comparison of these criteria it is possible to speak about three basic types: «American», «Old European» and «New European». These terms are relative to a certain extent. Each of these strands has its scientific traditions, common methodological and ideological positions. «The American type» was generated due to the unique conditions which have developed in territory of the North America as a result of geographical and historical features. Among its basic representatives are A. Versluis, I.P. Culianu, J. Kripal. «The Old European type» is based on the modern relationship to esotericism, in order to evaluate its contribution to Western history. Among its representatives are J. Webb, U. Eco, early works of A. Faivre and N. Goodrik-Clark. «The New European type» arises in the 90-ies of the 20th century and now in is central to contemporary research in this area in Europe. Among its representatives are W. Hanegraaff, K. von Stukrad, O. Hammer, A. Faivre.