Экономические инструменты управления водными ресурсами в Российской Федерации
With a view to early detection of statistical instability of water quality, it is necessary to analyze the probability of deviations of parameters under inspection from their most probable values. It is shown the outlook of using in this case time-frame inspection charts enabling to fix with high reliability the exit of the system from sustainable state, and on this basis to make management decisions, such as on the transfer of water management into emergency mode of operation or on the need to find the source of instability.
Paper presents an optimal control model with the stocks of two resource: one is the stock of exhaustible resource (groundwater) and the other is the stock of waste water which is a by-product of water use. Waste water could be re-used but this resource has a higher marginal cost than the groundwater. The characteristics of effi cient water consumption vector and dynamics of groundwater and waste water stocks are analyzed under the assumption of limited storage capacity of waste water stocks. The sensitivity of effi cient vectors of exogenous parameters (groundwater stock and its refi ll, marginal cost of renewable substitute) is investigated.
The given report is the result of implementation of the first component of the series of projects under the common title "Improving the use of economic instruments of water management in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Devlopment (OECD) in support of the water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia in cooperation with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. According to the performed analysis some conclusions were made along with identification of key directions for improving application of instruments for water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia for further development within the framework of the project.
The given analytical report was prepared on the commision and by request of the European Enviromemnt Agency (EEA) and is a part of the common EEA project on the implementation of the assessment of assessments of the state of the environment in the pan-European region for presentation at the VII Ministerial "Environment for Europe" conference, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2011. The report was published within the series of reports by the EEA (Copenhagen, Denmark). It contains the assessment of environmental assessments in the Russian Federation and the country environmental profile of Russia. Special attention in the report is paid to such topics as water resources abd related ecosystems, as well as to the issues of green economy and resource efficiency in Russia.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.