Современные модели развития культурных индустрий в регионах России
This collection of articles contains reports and heads of reports to the Internetional Conference "Modern Models of Cultural Industries Development in Russian Regions", that was held in Saint-Petersburg on 9-10 October 2014 with the support of Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation.
The sector of knowledgeintensive business services (KIBS) not only contributes to its own dynamic and innovative development but also to the development of the external environment through the creation, accumulation, and dissemination of knowledge. Therefore, it is considered one of the key pillars of the knowledgebased economy. This article addresses the problem of its spatial distribution in Russia. The basis of the study is uniquely empirical, obtained through a series of largescale surveys among Russian pro ducers and consumers of KIBS. The collected data provide quantitative evidence for the spatial dimension of the sector. Comparative analysis of the production and consumption of KIBS in Russia’s federal districts makes it possible to classify the latter in terms of the exchange of related services and mapping of the intensity of their interregional supply and demand across federal districts. It is established that companies offering KIBS in Russia are largely concentrated in big cities. The demand for KIBS is more distributed, but not spa tially neutral. This paper may be of interest to researchers focusing on the spatial distribution of elements of the innovationbased economy in Russia. It is also relevant for regional authorities, because it can help them assess the development capacity of their regions.
The aim of this article is to study an influence of various cultural festivals in St. Petersburg on development of the creative industries in the city. The definition of prospects of the development of culture of «Russia’s Northern Capital» demands the analysis of an existing scientific and administrative discourse concerning interaction in a city on Neva the rich cultural heritage and new creative industries. The situation of St. Petersburg as а large European cultural center and one of the important cities of the Russian Federation allows to define prospects of its development as «creative city». It includes also the analysis of cultural, social and economic consequences of the development of festival movement.
The aim of the study is to examine the various forms of interaction between cultural heritage and creative industries to support the development of various types of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg. The study was based on a model, which provides several types of partnership cultural heritage (CH) could have with the creative industries (CI): CH as a “decoration” for the CI, as “content”, as a “brand”, as the creator of the needs. Authors’ classification of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg is described, including clusters of cultural heritage, ethnic cultural clusters, the mass-cultural (consumer-oriented) cultural clusters, art - incubators. One of the main findings is the low willingness of many public cultural institutions to have any form of interaction with the creative industries. The second group of findings concerned the ability to attract creative industries to provide services for residents of St. Petersburg in cooperation with public institutions of culture.
The aim of the study is to analyze the role of the new creative industries for the regional development of the cultural heritage. It is particularly concerned with the definition of the city space. The research focuses on the modern ways of not only conservation, but rather analysis, interpretation and consumption of various cultural products. This paper includes investigation of economic, political, social and cultural consequences of the interaction between different cultural establishments. The author of this article researches the creative industries with the examples of the creative clusters and the creative projects in comparison with traditional cultural institutions. In general this paper provides evidence for the positive cultural and social changes in the region by reason ot the development the creative industries in St. Petersburg
We describe the method of pattern analysis and the results of its application to the problem of analyzing the development of science, education and the success of innovative activity in the regions of the Russian Federation. We examine characteristics of the regions of Russia such as the level of socio-economic conditions and the potential and efficiency of science, education and innovative activity from 2007 to 2010. Also we obtain a classification of regions by the similarity of the internal structure of these indicators, construct trajectories of regional development over time, and find groups of regions carrying out similar strategies.
Main challenges and problems of functioning institutions of cultural heritage and the creative industries are described in the paper. Factors that promote and prevent following cooperation, as well as the main directions of cooperation, are defined on the basis of analysis of expert opinions obtained during the survey in 2012 in St. Petersburg.