Аксиологические и культурологические горизонты трудовой мотивации персонала
The article scrutinizes upon such definition as staff motivation in the light of coincidence of the employees’ personal interests with the work environment. Psychological model of labour interests is given as a prototype of a possible scientific concept, which still has a lot of blank spaces and resources for the scientific research. Besides, the article presents the results of a pilot research performed in the frame of the study of the personnel’s labour interests in the Russian companies. The theoretical aspect highlights the phenomenological description of the structure and psychological model of labor interests. The practical aspect proves the relevance of the influence of the workers’ labor interests on their labor activity and productivity.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.