Россия - Италия: этико-культурные ценности в истории
This chapter is devoted to the foundation and first years of the oldest State university of the West: the studium generale of Naples, created, 1224, by the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II. The author analyses texts of the corresponding charters issued by the Magna curia, destinies of and works by the first eminent professors and students of this university, among them Thomas of Aquino.
Do voters punish governments more severely during international economic crises or do they discount exogenous shocks as they recognize the government’s limited “room of manoeuvre”? The current literature provides conflicting answers to this question. This study argues that in such contexts citizens’ economic perceptions are less likely to predict their sanctioning behavior but that, nonetheless, governments experience a higher cost of ruling. We show that in the paradigmatic case of Italy, government popularity during the Great Recession, while being hardly explained by economic evaluations, suffers a stronger decline as a function of time in office. We account for this increased cost of ruling by economic policy debates and other political events, such as cabinet crises and large-scale scandals.
This article is devoted to the analysis of administrative division of the state and existing types of autonomy in unitarian states. Administrative division of Italian Republic as a "regionalistics state" suggested to serve as a model to the future administrative division of Ukraine.
The purpose of this article is to identify the essence of the Italian value system after the Second World War through the analysis of the texts of the first nine “Strega” prize winners (1947-1955). The hypothesis of the article supposes the presence in such distinct literary works of the equally increased value of the conscious axiological position of the subject. The common denominator between the protagonists of the novels and stories in question, identified during the research, is a desperate need for the acquisition of a renewed value system, which requires a prolonged period of time and a great degree of purposeful spiritual effort. Some values were destined to be bluntly rejected; others were to be bestowed with new social and cultural meaning; while yet others were generated from scratch. This article contains an overview of such important and relevant values as civic awareness, human life itself and its simple fluctuations, the value of personal emotional experience; aspiration for truth; value of love, togetherness and mutual assistance; and, last but not least, the value of a proper national identity, inseparable from aesthetic values and the concept of “beauty”, which have always been reference points for the Italian way of perceiving the world.
Italy has become the first country of the EU where, after the parliamentary elections held in March 2018, the government coalition was formed by two populist parties - the “League” and the “Five Stars Movement”. During the first year in power, the new “government of change” came into confrontation with Brussels on migration management and fiscal discipline, openly undermined the subjectivity of the European Union in the international arena. As the basis of its domestic and foreign policy, the Italian government starts from the priority of national sovereignty, appealing to the will of the Italian “people” and using the tools of direct democracy. The article analyzes the main results of the first year of populists in power, and also identifies the main factors that may affect the legitimacy of the current government in the future.
The core of the book is based on results of an academic conference held by the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations and the Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences. Through the prism of the 2009 European Parliament elections, the authors examine the key problems of European integration, i.e. the lack of democratic legitimacy of supranational authorities, the clash of national interests of EU member states, the growing influence of parties and movements that represent an alternative to the traditional political establishment. Particular attention is paid to the international context of political processes in the EU — Brexit, growing uncertainty in EU–US relations, China‘s spreading influence in Europe, as well as the sanctions standoff between the European Union and Russia.
The article analyzes the Italian Republic foreign policy stance on the Syrian civil war. The internal and external factors affecting the official Rome foreign policy decision-making process examined. Particular attention in this context is paid to the effects of the global financial-economic crisis which converted Italy into one of the «sick counties» of the European Union.