Гиштории российские, или Опыты и разыскания к юбилею Александра Борисовича Каменского
This article presents original and previously unpublished documents from the case of Van’ka Kain (1741–1748). Van’ka Kain was a notorious Moscow criminal who surrendered at the end of 1741, declaring his wish to help the police round up his former associates in crime. More than one hundred criminals (professional thieves, criminal hideouts’ keepers and fencers for stolen goods) were arrested by Kain and the soldiers in a few days’ time. Kain was rehabilitated in the spring of 1742, becoming an official informer and detective of the Sysknoi prikaz (Office of Criminal Investigation). In such capacity he assisted in the apprehension of his past confederates, professional thieves, until 1748. The materials of his case published in this article for the first time contain unique and comprehensive information on the Moscow underworld of the 18th century.
The article investigates changes in the size of arable land possessed by particular peasant’s household in Irbitskaya settlement (Western Siberia). It argues that the changes were similar to those among peasants from Central Russia in 19th century. Peasant’s plots changed the size often between 1659 and 1680; by the end of the period only about thirty-five percent householders cultivated plots of the same size. The dynamics in both eras probably stemmed from variations in the number of adult men in households: households with small amount of arable land either expanded or disappeared (that was more probable). In Siberia, however, most of the median households grew larger, whereas in Central Russia the holdings and size of middle strata households did not change significantly
The article discusses one of the 1720s Russian educational projects that was presumably written by Andrey Osterman who was an appointed governor to the young emperor Peter II. The proposal that had been approved by The Supreme Privy Council delivered a full value program of Peter II’s study. Though the issue whether the plan was realized or not remains unclear the text itself presents the ground to consider the education principles that were employed to meet the need of power discourse. The author argues that unlike educational priorities accepted under the first Russian emperor Peter I who promoted mathematics and technical subjects his grandson Peter II was to be brought up according to the program based on learning dominantly history and geography. The article’s second part communicates ideas of the ground of such attitude change that happened within a very limited period of time and evaluates the interest the Russian Royal Court demonstrated to Osterman’s project in the early 1760s. The original text of the manuscript currently kept at the Russian State Archives of Ancient Documents (RGADA) is presented as a supplement to the article.