Человек. Культура. Общество. Сборник статей.
The process of employee insurance against accidents at work is considered. The benefits of workers associated with the onset of insurance cases are analyzed.
People who were born in the USSR in the 1970s and were in their thirties at the time of my fieldwork in 2009–11, questioned their adulthood in ways that are different from other parts of the world. Whereas many others are finding adulthood “unattainable” or “elusive” (see Durham’s introduction to this volume), perestroika teens wonder whether adulthood had somehow passed them by. Given the intersection of culture, history, and personal experiences, many find their adulthood fleeting, squeezed between being “too young” and “already old.” The maturation of perestroika teens was already questionable because lingering Soviet ideals glamorized childhood and youth as the locus of moral agency, contrasted with the “unmarked” (see introduction), but vaguely traumatic and morally compromised by routine, world of adults. This departure from a “happy Soviet childhood” was further complicated by the disappointments of the 1990s when none of the various social and moral strategies helped them build a good foundation for a professional career. In 2010, they often felt they belonged “neither here, nor there”; in other words, split between Soviet and post-Soviet moral orders, and between their glamorized childhood and questionable adulthood. A growing realization that being just a few years older or younger would have changed their life opportunities and the way they experienced adulthood reinforced the disappointment. Finally, pro-natalist policies and discourses that dominated the public sphere in Russia in the 2000s helped to seal the “has-been, already old” sentiment among these men and women.
In this article, we discuss the main theoretical approaches to the interpretation of migration biographies and distinguish the main motives and factors of spatial movements. We also analyze the relationship between migration movements and social mobility. In addition, considerable attention is given to key methodological approaches to the analysis of migration and migration biographies. In particular, we examine the biographical method to reconstruct the trajectory of the migration of the individual throughout his or her life. Also highlighted, in particular, is the use of advanced methods of statistical analysis – event history analysis and sequence analysis – which take a considerable amount of time and require ample creativity in preparing data.
The author concentrates his attention on the 18th century Russian society. The first part of the book tells about the composition of the Russian societyy, its internal networks< mechanizms of social mobility and daily social practicies. The second part explores the formarion of historical memory of several key episodes of 18th century Russian history, their reflection in arts and literature and how historical events were transformed into myths.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.