This article discusses the concept of medical activity for the purposes of criminal law enforcement. The article is intended to clarify terms such as conventional medicine, traditional medicine, alternative medicine. We investigate the legal nature and the possibility of criminal law protection of various types of medical activity, points to the shortcomings of the existing regulation. The author offers his own approach to the problem of criminal-legal protection of medical practice. After a theoretical analysis, the article examines the court sentences under Art. 235 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation ("Illegal occupation of private medical practice or private pharmaceutical activity").
L'objet de cet article est l`analyse comparative des problèmes de la réglementation juridique de l`activité médicale (incluant la médecine traditionnelle) et la responsabilité pénale pour l'exercice illégal de la médecine et pour les autres infractions en France et en Russie.
Protecting Confi dentiality in Employment and Personal data of the Patient The article touches upon the features of work with personal data of patients in health care organizations. In regard to this, the problem of confidentiality in labor relations arises. The author defines the persons who have access to medical ethics, considering the inclusion in the employment contract conditions of non-disclosure of medical confidentiality, the ability of the employer to attract workers to the liability in the event of breach of this condition.