CEUR Workshop Proceedings. BIR 2012. Emerging Topics in Business Informatics Research 2012 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on perspectives in business informatics research.
The importance of strategic management today is unquestionable. However, when strategizing the organization is often regarded as a single whole, differences in aims and areas of operation of its parts not being considered. This approach works for many organizations, but in the case of a distributed structure its parts may function in the markets which have different requirements, competition intensity and qualification of consumers. Besides, the departments of that organization may have different levels of development. In our present work we do not consider the whole range of distributed organizations, but concentrate on universities, as they have common characteristics with commercial organizations and, at the same time, are very specific in their rules and areas of development. We focus on developing a new modeling method for decision support while designing a balanced hierarchical strategy for distributed universities. This implies beginning from the strategy for the whole organization and moving on to development of individual strategies for its departments. Thus, the proposed method contains two parts: a sub-method to develop departmental strategies and a sub-method to calculate interaction among departments.
This article describes the proposed structure and semantics of the model which can be used in the both of sub-methods.
The books contains papers presented at the BPM Demo sessions 2013, co-located with 11th International Conference on Business Process Management 2013.
This article describes optimization of a multimodal passenger traffic system. The optimization method used is simulation modeling. The service level indicators, costs and financial indicators when changing configurations of the system are analyzed.
This volume contains a set of dedicated scientific contributions to the 11th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research. The peer-reviewed and tentatively selected papers cover a broad scope of modern research in Business Informatics, and include new results in such domains as: Knowledge Management and Semantic Web, Business and information systems development, Business, people and systems interoperability and Business intelligence.
In 2012 the conference is hosted by National Research University Higher School of Economics (NRU HSE) in Nizhny Novgorod. Our university is Russia’s leader in the field of scientific research conducted at the junction of Management, Economics and Governance of IT. In particular, NRU HSE is the originator and the promoter of Business Informatics in Russia. Therefore NRU HSE pays particular attention to sustainable international cooperation and leverages scientific research in that area.
We strongly believe that materials presented will contribute to further advances in Business Informatics and will foster intensive scientific cooperation between researchers.
In modern world enterprises need to be agile in their operation and structure to react to changes quickly. One of the open questions here is how to develop the enterprise, or, to be more precise, if enterprise needs to be developed, and if yes, in which way. In this research we are focusing on the case when enterprise stakeholders understand the need of enterprise development, have ideas for that, and they need decision support method to understand if enterprise restructuring is likely to be successful and cost effective. Another covered topic is how to choose the best option for restructuring from variety provided. In this paper we describe the developed decision support method which combines DEMO methodology and transaction costs theory for quantitative costs estimation. To make this method applicable and reproducible we proposed few enhancements to DEMO notation.
BPM 2013 was the 11th conference in a series that provides a prestigious forum for researchers and practitioners in the field of business process management (BPM). The conference was organized by Tsinghua University, China, and took place during August 26–30, 2013, in Beijing, China. Compared to previous editions of BPM, this year we noted a lower focus by authors on topics like process modeling, while we also observed a considerable growth of submissions regarding areas like process mining, conformance/compliance checking, and process model matching. The integrated consideration of processes and data remains popular, and novel viewpoints focus, among others, on data completeness in business processes, the modeling and runtime support of event streaming in business processes, and business process architectures.
The research reported in this paper aims at introducing principally new approach to the design of traceability applications for supply network by the means of semantically consistent and conceptually aligned abstractions of business-processes, data, and software architecture. To derive needed abstractions, proposed approach uses the general principles of enterprise ontology for meta-description of business objects and processes, conceptual modeling techniques for data representation in a universal format, and multi-agent solution adjusted with an ontological view on data model and business processes of organizations. The method for data modeling consistent with the business view on supply chain activities is introduced and exemplified. Agent-based approach to tracing data analysis and particular model of intellectual agents are presented.
Authors provide the substantiation of logistic profitability indicator introduction for problem-solving concern the evaluation of logistic system performance, incl. inventory management system.
Inconsistency of business processes can affect company profits and lead to the loss of regular customers and reputation in the market. Well managed business process has one key distinctive feature – a consistency. Checking the consistency of business process helps to reveal hidden bugs in the process model, but requires considerable labor costs and analytics. We compared two approaches to verifying consistency. The first approach is based on generating object life cycles for each object type used in process and supported by special tool as an extension for IBM WebSphere Business Modeler. Another one is a proposition to use DEMO methodology for verifying consistency. The results of research show that DEMO methodology enables significantly reduce labor costs and improve quality of analyze
The paper analyzes the general tendencies and the main problems that arise when corporative structures implement their own strategies. Considering the peculiarity of the Russian economy, almost all large corporations are functioning under extremely tough market conditions. They have to adapt their organizational structure so as to be able to follow a chosen strategy. Awareness of the main problems, which are often common for all large companies, is essential for structural adaptation.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management